Edited By Daniel Thelesklaf and Pedro Gomes Pereira
This book contains essays presented at the meeting, written by practitioners and academics with extensive experiences in the numerous fields which comprise asset recovery processes. The contributions offer a diversity of views on roles which non-state actors (can) play in preventing and combating corruption and other forms of financial crimes.
The editors conclude by offering insights into ongoing challenges in asset recovery processes and ways to overcome these challenges.
MAUD PERDRIEL-VAISSIÈRE - How to turn Article 51 into reality? 17
MAUD PERDRIEL-VAISSIÈRE How to turn Article 51 into reality? ‘I will say that he has left nothing in anyone’s house, nothing even in the towns, nothing in public places, not even in the temples, nothing in the possession of any Sicilian, nothing in the possession of any Roman citizen; that he has left nothing, in short, which either came before his eyes or was suggested to his mind, whether private property or public, or profane or sacred, in all Sicily.’ (Excerpts from ‘Oratio de Signis’, fourth speech against Verres1; Cicero – 70 BC). Even more so than the average citizen, those holding public or elective office should be of unquestionable integrity. It is not unheard of, however, for such individuals to profit unduly from their position so as to enrich themselves at the expense of the rest of society. Corruption of public officials has been known since time imme- morial, as illustrated by the famous Verres trial which made Cicero famous, and is probably a constant in all forms of political organisa- tion. Indeed, ‘it is unlikely that there has ever been a ruling class which did not exploit its political power to further its private financial interests.’2 Whenever ruling elites engage in wide-scale corruption and the systematic plundering of the state’s resources, one might use the term 1 Verres was governor of Sicily (propraetor) from 73 to 70 B.C. A man of plea- sure, corrupt and greedy, he treated the province as his personal possession. Af- ter he left...
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