1 Introduction John Henry Newman (1801-1890) has been the subject of numerous books, articles and academic theses. A leading member of the Oxford Movement, a Roman Catholic convert from Anglicanism, a cardinal and prolific writer, Newman was already a controversial figure in his time. His beatification on 19 September 2010 and eventual canoniza- tion has ignited new interests especially among Anglicans who are disenchanted with their church and contemplating conversion to Ro- man Catholicism. Pope Benedict XVI in his Apostolic Constitution, Anglicanorum Coetibus, has introduced a new church structure that will allow former Anglicans to enter into full communion with the Catholic Church while maintaining aspects of their liturgical distinc- tiveness and Anglican ethos. Among Catholics, there are those who look up to him as a defender of orthodoxy and also those who lionize him as a proponent of church reforms. In this context, understanding Newman’s liberal ideas and his anti-liberal polemics can scarcely be more opportune. Historically, this book attempts to settle the question of ‘liberal’ and ‘anti-liberal’; theologically, it seeks to demonstrate how Newman’s both ‘liberal spirit’ and ‘anti-liberal polemics’ can offer new insights into the issue of religious pluralism. The issue of liberalism continues to be debated today in the public forum and universities. On the one hand, liberalism remains influen- tial and deeply embedded in our society that takes religious pluralism, freedom, democracy, modernity and secularization for granted. On the other hand, many contemporary intellectuals launch their severe cri- tiques on liberalism. Newman was the foremost...
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