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Aristotle’s Powers and Responsibility for Nature

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Stephan Millett

This book addresses the theme of what «nature» is and humans’ obligations toward the natural world. It demonstrates that an approach based in metaphysics can help us to understand better what nature is and our obligations to the natural world. Beginning with ideas traced from Aristotle through some of the signifcant figures in European philosophy, the author shows that each living thing is a unique source of value.
He then argues that this value puts humans under an obligation and that adopting an attitude of responsibility to living things is an essential part of what it means to be human.

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Subject Index 295

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295 Subject Index Academic school 55, 60 Actuality 46, 58, 62-67, 81, 82, 86, 90, 157, 250 Affective disposition 143 Affects (affectus) 53 Agency 180, 196, 227, 232-233 moral 111, 196, 232, 235, 256, 280 Aggregates 98, 106, 128, 131, 136, 145, 161, 181, 239, 261, 271 Anthropocentrism 14, 111, 173, 232, 259, 263 Apes: 235 gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees 167 Great Ape Project 165-168 Washoe 167 Appetite, appetitum, appetitus, appetit, appetitio 56-61, 72, 73, 75, 77-78 Archen kinƝseǀs 87-88 Atomism 179 Autopoiesis 12, 13, 41, 95-97, 102-103, 121, 123, 124, 138, 148, 156-157, 159, 177, 202, 212-213, 215 autopoietic unities 12, 16, 97, 105-106, 128-136, 215, 239 autopoietic ethics 95, 97, 105, 120, 121, 123, 126, 138, 146, 177 third-order 126-137 Biology, philosophy of 12, 24-31 Biocentric ethic 10-12, 17, 139-176, 198, 201, 202, 256, 271, 278 Biosphere 130-131, 145, 233, 263-264, 266 Boundary 96, 125, 130-135 Buddhism 180, 236, 257 Care 94, 139, 144, 197, 200, 205, 207, 209, 225- 231, 233, 235, 246, 250, 252, 257- 262, 264, 272-274, 280 active, passive 259-260 duty of 202, 225 pflegen 246 virtue of 257-258 Cassowary 175, 211-212 Causal powers 16, 104, 157, 213, 227-228, 271, 276, 279 Cause: aitiai 32 final 24, 31-34, 38, 40, 41, 106 (see also hou heneka) formal 33, 40, (see also to ti Ɲn einai) material 32, 40 moving (efficient) 32, 33-34, 40, 65 Change 38, 42-49, 51-52, 63-64, 71, 75, 80-90, 96, 99, 124, 133, 136-137, 152, 154-158, 162, 177, 199, 213-215,...

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