Theory, History and Self-Characterization of Social Margins in Public Writings
203 REFERENCES Chapter 1: Introduction: Intellectual Narratives as Historical Inquires and Life Refl ections 1. The argument I have made is not theoretical, but is, in fact, based on historical evidence. Ron Eyerman and Andrew Jamison illustrated their theorization of ‘cognitive praxis’ by studying the creative prac- tice of gathering black people together by means of black spirituals in order to mobilize the blacks in the South during the American Civil Rights Movement. Historians are familiar with the Luddite move- ments in England, when Ned Ludd and his fellow craftsmen organized rallies and broke machines in public to provoke public discontent over the disorganization of the guild system. One can also think of a contemporary example: radical feminists burnt their bras in public, using the slogan ‘No Bras’, during the American women’s liberation movement; they also protested against sporadic consumption, which had connotations of male domination. For the American Civil Rights Movement, please consult Ron Eyerman and Andrew Jamison, Social Movements: A Cognitive Approach (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1991), Ch. 5. See also Ron Eyerman and Andrew Jamison, Music and Social Movements (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998). The other way of examining this issue is what Castoriadis calls the ‘social imaginary’, which goes beyond any historical progress in the ‘produc- tion logic’ of advanced capitalism that arrests our imagined alterna- tives. Cf. Axel Honneth, ‘Rescuing the Revolution with an Ontology: On Cornelius Castoriadis’ Theory of Society’, The Fragmented World of the Social: Essays in Social and Political Philosophy, ed. Charles W....
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