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History of the Swiss Watch Industry

From Jacques David to Nicolas Hayek- Third edition

Pierre-Yves Donzé

This book tackles the history of the Swiss watch industry in a global perspective: it gives particular attention to rival nations such as the United Kingdom, the USA and Japan. The author demonstrates how Swiss watchmakers succeeded in facing various challenges: the industrialization of production at the end of the 19 th century, the delocalization of production in the interwar years and globalization since the 1960’s. These challenges helped Switzerland to maintain and strengthen its position as a leader on the world market. This study shows how innovation and new technologies, the industrial policy of the Swiss authorities, the industrial district organization and the relations with trade unions explain the worldwide success of the Swiss watch industry.


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References 153


153 References 1. Archival Sources Archives fédérales suisses (Swiss Federal Archives, AFS), Bern E 7004, Watch Industry Archives de l’État de Berne (Bern Cantonal Archives, AEB), Bern Papers of the Watchmaking School of Saint-Imier Archives de l’État de Neuchâtel (Neuchâtel Cantonal Archives, AEN), Neuchâtel Department of Industry, Control of factories Archives cantonales jurassiennes (Jura Cantonal Archives, ACJ), Porrentruy Péquignot Papers Municipal archives, La Chaux-de-Fonds Papers of the Watchmaking School Municipal archives, Le Locle Papers of the Civic guard Association patronale de l’horlogerie et de la microtechnique (APHM), Bienne Papers of the Association cantonale bernoise des fabricants d’horlogerie (ACBFH) Centre jurassien d’archives et de recherches économiques (CEJARE), Saint-Imier Bourquard Papers Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Osaka Documentation on the Swiss watch industry. Mémoire d’Ici (MDI), Saint-Imier Papers of the Watchmaking School of Saint-Imier Reports of Pfi ster on the watch company Longines Musée international d’horlogerie, La Chaux-de-Fonds (MIH) Papers of the Museum Papers of the Société intercantonale des industries du Jura/Chambre suisse d’horlogerie Schweizerische Sozialarchiv (SSA), Zurich Papers of the FTMH Schweizerische Wirtschafts Archiv (SWA), Bâle H 45, Syndicat des fabri- cants de boîtes en argent Seiko Institute of Horology, Tokyo Statistics on the Japanese watch industry Union suisse pour l’habillage de la montre (USH), Bienne Annual reports of the Union des fabricants suisses de boîtes (UFSB) Papers of the UBAH 154 2. Published Sources Annual reports, ASUAG, 1970–1979. Annual reports, Contrôle offi ciel suisse...

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