Evidence from Multi-Dimensional Analysis and Corpora
Chapter 3 Shot 1: Multi-Dimensional Analysis of Face-to-Face and Movie Conversation 61
61 Chapter 3 Shot 1: Multi-Dimensional Analysis of Face-to-Face and Movie Conversation 3.1 Introduction In this chapter, Multi-Dimensional Analyses verify the extent to which face-to-face and movie conversation differ or resemble each other in terms of the linguistic features which characterize spoken discourse. As pointed out in Chapter 1, it has been said that these two domains differ in terms of spontaneity: face-to-face conversation, which is to- tally natural and spontaneous, is described as the “quintessence of the spoken language”, whereas movie conversation, which is artificial and non-spontaneous, is considered “not likely to be representative of the general usage of conversation” (Sinclair 2004b: 80). Interestingly, contrary to what has been maintained for about thirty years (cf. Chapter 1), the empirical data presented here reveal that face- to-face and movie conversation do not differ to any great extent. The most frequent linguistic features in both corpora, identified statisti- cally through factor analysis (cf. Table 4), are, for example, verbs (in particular, uninflected presents, imperatives and third persons – pres in the tables), second person pronouns and possessives (pro2), first person pro- nouns and possessives (pro1), nouns (n), and prepositions (prep). In addi- tion, the least frequent features are wh-pronouns functioning as rela- tive clauses in object position (rel_obj), as relative clauses in subject position (rel_subj), and as relative clauses in object position with prepo- sitional fronting (rel_pipe), suasive verbs (e. g. ask, command, insist – sua_vb), passive verbs + by (by_pasv), and passive postnominal modifiers (whiz_vbn). The...
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