Recent Developments in Translatology
Edited By María Amparo Jimenez Ivars and María Jesús Blasco Mayor
Ad Hoc Interpreting at the Crossways Between Natural, Professional, Novice and Expert Interpreting - Julie Boéri 117
Julie Boéri, Universitat Pompeu Fabra Ad Hoc Interpreting at the Crossways Between Natural, Professional, Novice and Expert Interpreting1 Ad hoc interpreting, i.e. interpreting initiatives that take place in a con- text which cannot be catered for by conventional services for reasons that may be geopolitical, socio-economic and/or socio-professional, has been underexplored in interpreting studies. This is because our endeavour to grant a status to interpreting has largely oriented our research (whether academic- or professionally-oriented) towards in- stitutionalized forms of interpreting practice and learning. If we are to better do justice to the complex role that interpreters play in soci- ety, we need to address ad hoc interpreting which, despite its lack of visibility and formalization, remains among the most extended prac- tice of interpreting nowadays. To undertake this research agenda, however, some of the theoretical prisms through which interpret- ing has traditionally been approached and which hardly account for past and contemporary ad hoc interpreting practices need to be reviewed. This is particularly the case of the notions of natural, pro- fessional, novice and expert interpreting. Undertaking a critical re- view of these notions, this essay discusses how they have evolved as mutually exclusive terms (natural versus professional, novice versus expert) so as to codify different degrees of status on the basis of inter- preting skills, training, experience and a sense of community belong- ing. It then focuses on ad hoc interpreting at the Nuremberg Trials and puts this case into perspective with more contemporary ad hoc interpreting practices,...
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