A Text-Oriented Study of Placement Practices
5. Genre and Practice: Interactions of Genre-Based Practices in Placement 109
109 5 Genre and Practice: Interactions of Genre-Based Practices in Placement Genres are intimately linked to a discipline’s methodology, and they package information in ways that conform to a discipline’s norms, values, and ideology. Understanding the genres of written communication in one’s field is, therefore, essential to professional success. (Berkenkotter/Huckin 1995: 1) The traditional notion of genre aligns communicative purpose and discourse structure of texts through identifying “a set of formally definable text features that certain texts have in common across various contexts” (Russell 1997a: 513). The major purpose of undertaking genre analysis, following this view, then was oriented to pedagogy and sought ‘stability’ and “routine operation” (Russell 1997a: 516). For example, the Create a Research Space (CARS) model posited by Swales (1990) helps writers structure the introductory section of a research article. Bhatia (1994, 2005), nevertheless, contested this simplistic view of genre, criticising the fact that this only takes into account text-internal factors. Having realised that professional texts are often embedded within more than one genre, i.e., genre mixing or interdiscursivity, Bhatia raised the question of genre integrity, arguing that genres can only be fully understood by considering both text-internal and text-external factors. His work on genre integrity has practical relevance to this study because placement texts, accomplished by STWs who assume hybrid identities as student-professionals, exhibit the characteristics of both academic and professional genres as mentioned in the last chapter. In Chapter 4, I used two texts, the social work session report and physiotherapy Sci Clinical Teaching Report,...
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