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Learning to Become a Professional in a Textually-Mediated World

A Text-Oriented Study of Placement Practices

Series:

Ken Lau

The book presents a text-based study of discourse practices in placement, a hybrid zone which re-contextualises academic knowledge and professional practices. Using Lave and Wenger’s Communities of Practice as the overarching theoretical framework, the study investigates how novices learn to write like their professional counterparts. By collecting texts completed in various placement contexts and in-depth qualitative interviews with informants, the study features a multi-dimensional approach to the analysis of discourse practices in terms of text construction and text consumption. The issues of genre, feedback, identity and role associated with placement learning are brought into focus.

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Index 257

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257 Index Abstract rhetors, 195 Academic assignment, 70, 76, 81, 107 context, 17, 62, 86 discourse, 41, 216, 218 knowledge, 88, 157 term, 110, 116 world, 65, 221 writing, 54, 145 Accountable, 89, 202 Acquisition of knowledge, 87, 103 Activity textual, 128 pedagogical, 136 writing, 24, 137, 138 Activity system, 46, 91, 225 AFFECT, 52, 53, 167-168, 177 Ancillary engagement, 76 APPRAISAL, 51-55, 162, 192 APPRECIATION, 52-55, 162-183 Apprenticeship cognitive, 30 Assessment of reflective writing, 141 of subject knowledge, 141 subjective, 170 Attenuated active participation, 192-193 involvement, 192-193 participation, 194 role, 50 Attitude judgmental, 88, 161, 163-166 non-judgmental, 141, 165 ATTITUDE, 53-54 Autonomy, 104, 196, 213 Bednote, 140 Behaviourism, 28 Boundary action, 154 objects, 104-107 markers, 204 work, 206 Case construction, 112-115 Category descriptive, 212 Categorisation, 120, 147-149, 153, 160-166 Clinical educator, 99, 100, 107, 125, 136 record, 88, 206, 210, 212 Cognitive awareness, 198 paradigm of writing, 24, 42 patterning, 122 socio-, 22, 40, 91-97, 216 Cognitively-based, 22-23 Collaboration traditional, 136-138 Collaborative learning, 136 participation, 197-199 strategies, 74-74 teaching and learning, 191-192 Comments content-related, 147 discipline-specific, 147-148 language-specific, 149, 152, 153 practice-related, 172 teacher’s, 183, 206 Community discourse, 32 knowledge-, 42 258 professional, 45, 92, 194, 197, 216 Community of practice, 14, 29-32. 54, 92, 215 Competence discursive, 39, 54, 103-104, 182 generic, 87, 92, 96, 145 professional, 15, 58, 81, 92, 182 Consciousness-raising, 183 Constructivism, 27, 28 CONTEXT OF CULTURE, 47 CONTEXT OF SITUATION, 50, 118 Contextualisation, 135-141 Continuity of practice, 135 Corpus analyses, 71 Correction overt, see...

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