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Disputable Core Concepts of Narrative Theory

Edited By Göran Rossholm and Christer Johansson

The present volume is a contribution to the theory of narrative by scholars from various disciplines, mainly scholars from Comparative Literature but also contributors from Philosophy, Psychology and the languages. The essays focus on central terms and concepts in narrative theory over the last forty years. Established narratological concepts, such as narrative, narrator, story, fiction, character, narrative (un)reliability and point of view, but also relational concepts motivated by the expansion of narratology, such as narrative and non-verbal media, narrative and personal identity and narrative and literary genre, are themes dealt with.
In addition to presenting a critical examination of the core concepts of narrative theory, the volume is a demonstration of the vigour of contemporary Nordic narrative theory. The authors work at universities in Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Norway and Sweden, and they all belong to the Nordic Network of Narrative Studies.


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LEIF SØNDERGAARD - Fictional and Factual Discourses in Narratives –and the Grey Zone Between 57


57 LEIF SØNDERGAARD Fictional and Factual Discourses in Narratives – and the Grey Zone Between The separation between the public and private areas which has been an integral factor in the organization of bourgeois life since the 18th century is becoming increasingly blurred. Intimate details about erotic encounters, sexual intercourse and personal psychological prob- lems, formerly kept within the private sphere, are now related openly via cell phones, exposed in blogs or published on internet sites. Re- ality shows invite people either to exhibit their own bodies and inti- mate personal feelings, at least to a certain point and within a defined set of rules and procedures, or to watch the interplay between the persons involved. This exhibitionism on one hand and voyeurism on the other is characteristic of the double transgression of the former borders between public and private. This trend has invaded the literary field as well. The reality effect is integral for many modern novels in the early 21st century: authors include real existing persons and factual events and persist- ently claim that things happened exactly the way they relate them in their books. The strategy of these contemporary authors has shifted from the effort to extinguish any correspondence to real persons and events into the opposite endeavor: to expose real persons in intricate situations. Readers are invited to relate characters and events in fic- tion to their correlates in reality. This connection is part of the aes- thetic strategy. In the 1960s a new trend emerged:...

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