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Clausal Complements in Native and Learner Spoken English

A Corpus-based Study with Lindsei and Vicolse

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Beatriz Tizon-Couto

This study deals with the frequency and use of clausal complementation in the oral production of two different Spanish learner groups (i.e. Galician/Spanish learners and Spanish learners) as compared with a further learner group (i.e. German learners) and with native speakers (British students). By using corpus and learner linguistic approaches, this research aims to find out and explain the similarities and differences regarding the use of clausal complementation structures in the oral English of several groups of non-native and native speakers. In addition, this study also depicts the process of collection of the oral corpus VICOLSE, which contains transcripts of spoken English data produced by bilingual Galician/Spanish learners. The identification of variation in the use of clausal complementation across the data sheds light on the particular characteristics of spoken learner language syntax/structuring.

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Appendix 343

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Appendix VICOLSE TRANSCRIPTION CONVENTIONS No punctuation marks are used to indicate sentence or clause bound- aries. No capital letters, except initials in proper names. Empty pauses Empty pauses are defined as a blank on the tape, i.e. no sound, or when someone is just breathing. The following three tier system is used: (.) short pause (1-2 seconds) (..) medium pause (2-3 seconds) (…) medium-long pause (3-4 seconds) (… x sec) long pause, indicating the number of seconds and/or minutes . cut -- incomplete/truncated words Hm breathing in uuh breathing out eh, ehm,ehmm, ah, ahm, ahmm, mm, mmm, etc hesitation, filled pauses pf, pff blowing hahaha laughing (tch) vocalic click, nonverbal vocal sounds word? unclear word ??? incomprehensible word/expression or unclear passages (cough) coughing 344 [word] especial/incorrect pronunciation or phonetic features (letter) addition of a letter (in pronunciation) Dates and numbers figures have to be written out in words. This avoids ambiguity Contextual comments Non-linguistic events are indicated (>) in italics. Contracted forms All standard contracted forms were retained as they are typical features of speech.

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