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New Trends and Methodologies in Applied English Language Research II

Studies in Language Variation, Meaning and Learning

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Edited By David Tizón Couto, Beatriz Tizon-Couto, Iria Pastor-Gomez and Maurizio Gotti

This volume has its origin in a selection of the papers presented at the Second ELC International Postgraduate Conference on English Linguistics (ELC2), held at the University of Vigo in October 2009 and designed and organised by postgraduate students belonging to the English Departments of the Universities of Vigo and Santiago de Compostela. The purpose of the conference was to allow young professional researchers to share and survey their current views on linguistic research. Four of the ten chapters included address the diachronic change undergone by particular lexical items, namely the morphosemantic change illustrated by the development of the morpheme punk, the historical evolution of including and included, the origin and semantics of the expletive form adsheartlikins, and the structure and distribution of nominalisations referring to actions or processes. Variation is also approached from a diatopic perspective in the study of expressions of obligation and necessity ( must and have to) in New Englishes, the distribution and functions of the discourse marker eh in Channel Island English, and regional variability of vowel phonology in Scottish Standard English. Lastly, three studies address semantics and culture in the field of L2 learning. These contributions focus on the assessment of Lexical Frequency Profile applications in the analysis of Romanian learner English, the role of cultural knowledge in the learning process of English as an International Language, and L1 typicality effects in L2 vocabulary learning.

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OLE SCHÜTZLER - Regional (In-)Variability of Vowel Space Organisationin Scottish Standard English 183

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OLE SCHÜTZLER Regional (In-)Variability of Vowel Space Organisation in Scottish Standard English1 1. Introduction This chapter looks at the vowel phonology of Scottish Standard Eng- lish (SSE) from a geographical perspective. A sample of 16 speakers of SSE is divided into three groups: one with speakers from Edin- burgh (group I), another with speakers from the northern central part of Scotland (group II), and a third with speakers from the Northeast, i.e. Aberdeenshire (group III). After a general discussion of SSE pho- nology, the data, and the methods of acoustic vowel analysis applied in this chapter, each of the three regional subsamples will be com- pared with widely accepted traditional articulatory descriptions of SSE. Between the three groups, it is of special interest to identify rela- tively invariable features and contrast them with those that display more marked variation. The main objective is to identify stable core elements of SSE on the one hand and optional or variable elements on the other. Additionally, two age groups will be compared within the Edinburgh group to test whether the shared characteristics of that sub- sample appear to vary and, by implication, to change over time. Throughout the chapter the terms system and vowel system are used in the phonological sense, i.e. they refer to the nature and general arrangement of contrasting vowel phonemes in SSE, especially in 1 The author is grateful for funding from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation and the European Regional Development Fund (under CONSOLIDER...

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