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The Emergence of Patterns in Second Language Writing

A Sociocognitive Exploration of Lexical Trails

Series:

Susy Macqueen

This book received the Cambridge/Language Teaching Brumfit Award 2010.
Drawing upon a convergence of sociocultural theory and linguistic emergentism, this book presents a longitudinal investigation of the development of ESL users’ written lexicogrammatical patterning (collocations and colligations). A qualitative methodology (‘Lexical Trail Analysis’) was developed in order to capture a dynamic and historical view of the ways in which the participants combined words in their writing. This involved tracing single lexemes diachronically through individuals’ written corpora. The writers were interviewed about the histories of particular word combinations. Selected patterns were later tested using the principles of dynamic testing. The findings of these combined data types – essays, interviews and tests – suggest that sociocognitive resources such as memory and attention and the ability to imitate and adapt linguistic resources are paramount in the massive task of internalizing the lexicogrammatical patterning of a second language. The participants were agents of change, seeking assistance and adapting patterns to suit their changing goals. Their activity is theorized in a model of language patterning from which implications for second language learning and teaching are drawn.

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Index 323

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323 Adaptation 58, 63–64, 72, 163, 173, 233, 240 Adaptive Imitation (see also Imitation) 220, 235–236, 244, 254, 256– 266, 272, 275, 277, 281–283 definition 256 Artifacts (see also Tools) 72, 74, 94, 167, 206–208, 262 Automaticity 144, 146–147, 172, 205, 271, 274 Case study 43–44, 50, 59, 74–75 Chunk-like patterns 46–49, 122, 155, 268, 273–276 Chunks / Chunking 16, 20, 26–33, 40– 41, 46, 49–50, 66, 98, 140, 147, 150, 200, 271 Chunk-breaking (see Continuum of Chunk-making and Chunk- breaking) Chunk-making (see Continuum of Chunk-making and Chunk- breaking) Classroom practices 40–42, 278–283 Collaborative dialogue 177, 179 Collaborative frame 70, 205–206 Colligation 15–16, 19, 22, 207, 270, 274 Collocation 15, 19–24, 33, 34–39, 45, 98, 99, 108, 207, 244, 270, 274 Comparative Fallacy 62, 118 Complexity / Complex Systems 45, 53, 57, 61, 64, 71, 77, 140, 214, 261, 277 definition 57 methodology 60–63 Confidence 172, 173, 183, 187, 193 Continuum of Chunk-making and Chunk-breaking 51, 201, 205, 210, 260, 263, 268, 270, 273, 274, 281, 282 Deviation 38, 262 blends 38, 47–49, 262 overlap 38 overuse 35–37, 48, 150, 163– 164, 205 Dictionaries / Dictionary use 76, 87, 114, 155, 174, 192, 203, 204, 207, 209, 214, 281 Discourse community 50, 56, 59, 61, 206, 242, 246, 255–258, 261– 263, 272, 277–278, 283 Discourse markers 7, 33, 124, 126, 130, 163, 208, 226–236, 255, 261 Dynamic...

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