Expropriations and confiscations, 16 th –20 th Centuries- Expropriations et confiscations, XVI e –XX e siècles
Edited By Luigi Lorenzetti, Michela Barbot and Luca Mocarelli
The papers collected in the present volume suggest that private property is not necessarily the most safeguarded legal model, hence it is not less vulnerable to violation. They construct a close analysis of the most common forms of abuse of private property on record – expropriation, seizure, and confiscation – perpetrated by public authorities. They also seek to define the uneasy, often intricate relation between legal and legitimate. In a perspective of lights and shadows, the role of confiscation and expropriation changes : now seen as powerful instruments of change, now as enduring factors of conservation in the evolution of private ownership rights.
Les droits de propriété sont depuis longtemps au cœur de l’intérêt de diverses disciplines. L’attention des historiens s’est focalisée surtout sur la naissance de la propriété privée et individuelle telle qu’elle a été codifiée dans l’Europe libérale du XIX
Jewish Assets in Italy : Attachment, Confiscation and Restitution (1938–1945 / 1943–2001) - Marino Viganò 81
Jewish Assets in Italy : Attachment, Confiscation and Restitution (1938–1945 / 1943–2001) Marino Viganò The “Commission on Jewish Assets” On 1 December 1998 the then president of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic, Massimo D’Alema, set up a Commission for the reconstruc- tion of the events characterising the activities of acquisition in Italy of the assets of Jewish citizens by public and private organisations, more commonly known as the “Commission on Jewish Assets”. The decrees confirmed the proposal originally issued in note 2.664, dated 30 March 1998, by Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Minister of the Treasury in the first Prodi government. After the fall of that government on 9 October, Ciampi’s note was acknowledged and carried into effect by the first D’Alema government, which was in power from 21 October. Presided over by Tina Anselmi, deputy of the Christian Democrats from 1968 to 1992 and former president of the parliamentary commission of inquiry into the Masonic lodge “P2” from 1981 to 1985, the “Commission on Jewish Assets” included a dozen members who were high officials of the state, repre- sentatives of Bank and insurance associations, delegates of the Italian Union of Jewish communities, and archivists and historiographers nominated by the prime minister from universities, ministries or other relevant institues1. On 1 “Art. 2 § 1. The Commission is composed as follows : honourable Tina Anselmi, president ; dott.ssa Paola Carucci, supervisor of State Central Archive, member ; dott. Piero Cinti, private secretary of the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Agriculture, member ; avv....
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