Expropriations and confiscations, 16 th –20 th Centuries- Expropriations et confiscations, XVI e –XX e siècles
Edited By Luigi Lorenzetti, Michela Barbot and Luca Mocarelli
The papers collected in the present volume suggest that private property is not necessarily the most safeguarded legal model, hence it is not less vulnerable to violation. They construct a close analysis of the most common forms of abuse of private property on record – expropriation, seizure, and confiscation – perpetrated by public authorities. They also seek to define the uneasy, often intricate relation between legal and legitimate. In a perspective of lights and shadows, the role of confiscation and expropriation changes : now seen as powerful instruments of change, now as enduring factors of conservation in the evolution of private ownership rights.
Les droits de propriété sont depuis longtemps au cœur de l’intérêt de diverses disciplines. L’attention des historiens s’est focalisée surtout sur la naissance de la propriété privée et individuelle telle qu’elle a été codifiée dans l’Europe libérale du XIX
“For Service of the Most August and of the Public”. Expropriations and the Building of the Mercantile Spaces in Trieste in the XVIIIth Century - Daniele Andreozzi 137
“For Service of the most August and of the Public”. Expropriations and the Building of the Mercantile Spaces in Trieste in the XVIIIth Century Daniele Andreozzi 1. In the early 1700’s Emperor Charles VI of Habsburg made up his mind about the need to have at his disposal a war naval fleet in order to be able to play the role of a superpower on the European theatre. Although deprived of the necessary financial resources, he devised various projects designed to create an imperial commercial fleet, which in turn would lead to the development of a military fleet to which it would provide means, resources, men and skills. The port of Trieste, imperial outpost in the Mediterranean and Adriatic seas, was chosen as the preferred spot for the implementation of such projects. At that time Trieste was a small city of about 5,000 people and the presence of other territorial powers had always blocked its expansion towards the inner areas while the Serenissima Republic of Venice opposed Trieste’s expansion towards the Adriatic sea. Trieste also had a very limited infrastructure both for its urban center and for its commerce and navigation. In fact, the city was the site of marginal flows of traffic done by boats that had limited capacity and size and that shipped in the interstices left open by the Venetian rules which tended to reserve to the Serenissima the bulk of the Adriatic trade. These flows, because of their typology, had never demanded meaningful projects for...
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