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Property rights and their violations - La propriété violée

Expropriations and confiscations, 16 th –20 th Centuries- Expropriations et confiscations, XVI e –XX e siècles

Edited By Luigi Lorenzetti, Michela Barbot and Luca Mocarelli

Interest in the history of ownership rights is growing and spreading to different disciplines. Historians are turning their attention mainly to the rise of private and individual ownership as it was codified in 19 th -century liberal Europe. In writing this history, however, their perspective has too often ignored the other side of the coin, namely the restrictions which the sovereign imposed on such rights, allegedly in the interest of the community.
The papers collected in the present volume suggest that private property is not necessarily the most safeguarded legal model, hence it is not less vulnerable to violation. They construct a close analysis of the most common forms of abuse of private property on record – expropriation, seizure, and confiscation – perpetrated by public authorities. They also seek to define the uneasy, often intricate relation between legal and legitimate. In a perspective of lights and shadows, the role of confiscation and expropriation changes : now seen as powerful instruments of change, now as enduring factors of conservation in the evolution of private ownership rights.
Les droits de propriété sont depuis longtemps au cœur de l’intérêt de diverses disciplines. L’attention des historiens s’est focalisée surtout sur la naissance de la propriété privée et individuelle telle qu’elle a été codifiée dans l’Europe libérale du XIX e siècle. Toutefois, son histoire a trop souvent négligé l’autre face de la médaille, à savoir les limites fixées à ce droit par le souverain au nom de l’intérêt de la collectivité. Les contributions figurant dans ce volume suggèrent que la propriété privée individuelle ne représente pas le modèle juridique le plus apte à la protéger face aux risques d’infraction. Au cœur des analyses il y a les formes historiques de la violation de la propriété privée – expropriations, saisies, confiscations – perpétrées par les autorités et le rapport, souvent complexe et ambigüe, entre les dimensions de la légalité et de la légitimité. Dans un jeu d’ombres et de lumières, les confiscations et les expropriations se dessinent à la fois comme de puissants instruments de changement et de tenaces facteur de conservation dans l’évolution des formes de propriété.


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“For Service of the Most August and of the Public”. Expropriations and the Building of the Mercantile Spaces in Trieste in the XVIIIth Century - Daniele Andreozzi 137


“For Service of the most August and of the Public”. Expropriations and the Building of the Mercantile Spaces in Trieste in the XVIIIth Century Daniele Andreozzi 1. In the early 1700’s Emperor Charles VI of Habsburg made up his mind about the need to have at his disposal a war naval fleet in order to be able to play the role of a superpower on the European theatre. Although deprived of the necessary financial resources, he devised various projects designed to create an imperial commercial fleet, which in turn would lead to the development of a military fleet to which it would provide means, resources, men and skills. The port of Trieste, imperial outpost in the Mediterranean and Adriatic seas, was chosen as the preferred spot for the implementation of such projects. At that time Trieste was a small city of about 5,000 people and the presence of other territorial powers had always blocked its expansion towards the inner areas while the Serenissima Republic of Venice opposed Trieste’s expansion towards the Adriatic sea. Trieste also had a very limited infrastructure both for its urban center and for its commerce and navigation. In fact, the city was the site of marginal flows of traffic done by boats that had limited capacity and size and that shipped in the interstices left open by the Venetian rules which tended to reserve to the Serenissima the bulk of the Adriatic trade. These flows, because of their typology, had never demanded meaningful projects for...

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