Criminal Governance in Peru during the Fujimori Era (1990-2000)
Chapter 8: The Military and the Many Uses of Drug Profits - 179
Chapter 8 The Military and the Many Uses of Drug Profits The end cannot justify the means for the simple and obvious reason that the means employed determine the nature of the ends produced. (Aldous Huxley) 1. Introduction During the Fujimori era a large number of Peruvian military officials were put on trial and received stiff prison sentences for their involve- ment with drug traffickers. However, this prosecution of individual cases of corruption served only to conceal the true links that existed between Peruvian military officials and criminals. Among other things, officers who had fallen out with Montesinos were often charged and sentenced. Still, the dramatic increase in the number of military officials who were prosecuted for their involvement in the drug trade even by the inefficient and crooked Peruvian judicial system attested that corruption was systemic rather than individual. Between 1980 and 1985, eight members of Peru’s armed forces were put on trial because of links to the drug trade. This number grew to thirty-one for the period between 1985 and 1990, but increased tenfold between 1990 and 1996 to three hundred and nine (Gestión, Aug. 25/96: 15). Dammert (2001) even argued that the 1992 autogolpe was in reality a narcogolpe [drug coup] that served the purpose of gaining control over the narcotics trade with which Montesinos had been deeply entangled since his days of defending drug traffickers. Dam- 180 mert also claimed that Fujimori had received US$ 1 million from the Medellín Cartel’s Pablo Escobar to...
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