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Corruption as Power

Criminal Governance in Peru during the Fujimori Era (1990-2000)

Alfredo Schulte-Bockholt

This book deals with the political corruption which infested Peru during the Fujimori years (1990-2000). The work is not about petty corruption, the small bribe paid to the underpaid police officer to avoid being booked for a minor traffic violation, but addresses the corruption of the powerful. Elites rely on corruption, and particularly in repressive regimes the practice is the most important tool of ‘criminal governance’. The author utilizes the concept of the protection racket developed by Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno from the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory to explain the links between political, economic, and societal elites in Fujimori’s Peru such as the military, political parties, multinational corporations, or conservative groups within the Catholic Church.

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Index - 309

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309 Index Acción Popular (AP) 112–114 Adams, Alvin 212 Adorno, Theodor (Also see Horkheimer; Protection Racket) xii, 73–74, 83, 161 Albright, Madeleine 108 Alianza Bolivariana Para Los Pueblos De Nuestra América (ALBA) 206 Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA) 16, 92, 110– 114, 135, 149, 233–234 Alto Huallaga (Also see Huallaga Valley) 98, 99fn4, 196 Alzamora, Augusto (Also see Cipriani; Opus Dei) 101, 169–170, 172–173 Amat y Junyent, Manuel 8 América Televisión (Also see Crousillat) 131, 140, 146 Amnesty Law (1995) (Also see Grupo Colina) 107–108, 116, 120, 124, 168 Ancash (Department) 99, 231, 249–250 Andina de Radiodifusión (Also see Media) 131 Apurímac (Department) 171, 226 Apurímac (River) 189–190 Arana, Marco (Also see GRUFIDES; Forza; Yanacocha) 241–243 Arciniega Huby, Alberto (Also see Drug War) 181–183 Argentina 12, 30, 41–42, 45, 96, 104, 114, 159–160, 175, 206, 246–247, 251 Aritomi, Victor 5 Asamblea Nacional de Rectores (Also see National Assembly of [University] Rectors) 16 Australia 226, 232, 235, 246 Autodefensas Unidas De Colombia (AUC) 191 Autogolpe 3, 5, 45, 76–77, 91, 93, 96– 97, 109, 117, 144, 167, 179–180, 183–184, 186, 213 Aztec 36 Bambaren, Luis (Also see Cipriani; Opus Dei) 172–173 Banco Popular (Also see Opus Dei) 158–159 Barreto Riofano, Mariela (Also see Grupo Colina) 105–106, 141 Barrick Gold Corporation 223, 229, 231, 235, 246–252 Barrios Altos Massacre (Also see Grupo Colina) 99–100,...

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