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Narratives in Academic and Professional Genres

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Edited By Maurizio Gotti and Carmen Sancho Guinda

This book received the Enrique Alcaraz Research Award in 2015.

Through Narrative Theory, the book offers an engaging panorama of the construction of specialised discourses and practices within academia and diverse professional communities. Its chapters investigate genres from various fields, such as aircraft accident reports, clinical cases and other scientific observations, academic conferences, academic blogs, climate-change reports, university decision-making in public meetings, patients’ oral and written accounts of illness, corporate annual reports, journalistic obituaries, university websites, narratives of facts in legal cases, narrative processes in arbitration hearings, briefs, and witness examination accounts. In addition to exploring narration in this wide range of contexts, the volume uses narrative as a powerful tool to gain a methodological insight into professional and academic accounts, and thus it contributes to research into theoretical issues. Under the lens of Narratology, Discourse and Genre Analysis, fresh research windows are opened on the study of academic and professional interactions.

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CARMEN DANIELA MAIER / JAN ENGBERG Tendencies in the Multimodal Evolution of Narrator’s Types and Roles in Research Genres - 149

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CARMEN DANIELA MAIER / JAN ENGBERG Tendencies in the Multimodal Evolution of Narrator’s Types and Roles in Research Genres 1. Introduction The field of academic knowledge communication has been character- ized in the last decade by a rapid and on-going proliferation of multi- modal generic forms that compete with the traditional research articles (RAs) in gaining the attention of readers of academic texts. This proli- feration transforms radically the ways in which academic knowledge is created, communicated, disseminated and acquired. The causes of this ground-breaking expansion can be found both in the fast develop- ment of easily accessed technologies that make it possible to design and disseminate new forms of academic texts, and in the appearance of the new generations of multiliterate writers and readers who can create and retrieve knowledge across several semiotic modes and media. Consequently, the confinement of academic knowledge to the boundaries of the written text is more and more challenged these days, but this situation does not exclude the dynamic co-existence of several generic forms still including the traditional RA. In our previous analy- tical explorations focused on new academic genres, it became obvious that “the dynamic network formed by these genres is characterized by the existence of various multimodal gradations due to the overlapping and constantly evolving generic forms” (Maier/Engberg: in press). We have therefore included RAs and academic video essays in a genre network (Swales 2004: 23) that is characterized by a range of transi- 150 Carmen Daniela Maier / Jan Engberg tional...

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