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Stagnation and Drift in the Western Balkans

The Challenges of Political, Economic and Social Change

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Edited By Claire Gordon, Marko Kmezic and Jasmina Opardija-Susnjar

This volume allows a new generation of scholars, from the Balkans and beyond, to shed light on some of the struggles the region faces. The combination of post-communist and post-conflict transition, together with the current economic and financial crisis, pose difficult challenges for the Western Balkans.
What is the state of democracy in the region? Are the countries of the Western Balkans stuck somewhere between authoritarianism and genuine democracy? What are the remaining obstacles to state building? What effect has the crisis had on young people in the Western Balkans?
These are some of the questions the authors of this volume seek to answer. The studies look at different countries and combine methods from various disciplines ranging from political science, history, economics and law to sociology, anthropology and cultural studies.

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Simonida Kacarska - The Framework Convention for Protection of National Minorities in the EU Accession Process – the Case of the Republic of Macedonia - 195

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1 This chapter is a part of a PhD project I am undertaking in the School of Politics and International Studies at the University of Leeds. An earlier version of the chapter was presented at the RRPP Conference in May 2011. 7KHDXWKRUUHFRJQL]HVWKHLQÁXHQFHRIRWKHULQWHUQDWLRQDORUJDQLVDWLRQVVXFK DVWKH8QLWHG1DWLRQV&RXQFLORI(XURSHDQGWKH2UJDQL]DWLRQIRU6HFXULW\ DQG&RRSHUDWLRQLQ(XURSHRQPLQRULW\SROLFLHVLQWKHUHJLRQ+RZHYHUVKH LVSULPDULO\LQWHUHVWHGLQH[DPLQLQJWKHUROHRIWKH(8LQWKHSUHDFFHVVLRQ period. :LWKWKH2KULG)UDPHZRUNDQGWKHFRQVWLWXWLRQDOFKDQJHVWKDWIROORZHGLQ 0DFHGRQLDWKHWHUPPLQRULW\ZDVUHSODFHGZLWK¶QRQPDMRULW\FRPPXQLWLHV· )RUXQLIRUPLW\RIWHUPLQRORJ\DQGGXHWRWKHWHUPPLQRULW\EHLQJXVHGLQ WKH&RSHQKDJHQFULWHULDWKHFKDSWHUZLOOXVHWKHWHUPPLQRULW\ Simonida Kacarska 7KH)UDPHZRUN&RQYHQWLRQIRU3URWHFWLRQ RI1DWLRQDO0LQRULWLHVLQWKH(8$FFHVVLRQ 3URFHVV²WKH&DVHRIWKH5HSXEOLFRI0DFHGRQLD1 Introduction $VDFDQGLGDWHFRXQWU\IRU(8PHPEHUVKLSWKH5HSXEOLFRI0DFHGR- QLDLVVXEMHFWWRFRQGLWLRQDOLW\UHODWHGWRPLQRULW\SROLFLHVSULPDULO\ through the Copenhagen criteria for accession.2 According to the ÀUVW&RSHQKDJHQFULWHULRQLQRUGHUWRMRLQWKH(8DQHZPHPEHU VWDWHPXVWHQVXUHWKHVWDELOLW\RILQVWLWXWLRQVJXDUDQWHHLQJGHPRF- UDF\WKHUXOHRIODZKXPDQULJKWVDQGUHVSHFWIRUDQGSURWHFWLRQRI minorities.3 Conditionality in relation to the protection of minori- ties was an important element of the enlargement round that was completed in 2007 with the accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the (8,QWKHDEVHQFHRIacquisUHODWHGWRPLQRULW\SROLFLHVUHVHDUFKKDV VKRZQWKDWLQWKHFDVHRIWKH(DVWHUQHQODUJHPHQWFRQGLWLRQDOLW\ in this policy area was focused on the adoption of nondiscrimina- WLRQGLUHFWLYHVJRYHUQPHQWDOVWUDWHJLHVDQGSURJUDPPHVIRUWKH LQFOXVLRQRIWKH5RPDPLQRULW\DQGWKHUDWLÀFDWLRQRIWKH&RXQFLO 196 Simonida Kacarska RI(XURSH)UDPHZRUN&RQYHQWLRQRQ1DWLRQDO0LQRULWLHV)&10 5HFKHO 7KLVFKDSWHUH[WHQGVWKHUHVHDUFKRQPLQRULW\SROLFLHVLQWKH(8 DFFHVVLRQSURFHVVWRWKH:HVWHUQ%DONDQVDQGIRFXVHVVSHFLÀFDOO\ RQWKHXVHRIWKH)&10DVDEHQFKPDUNLQJWRRORI(8FRQGLWLRQDO- ity in the case of Macedonia. The theoretical and methodological DSSURDFKRIWKLVVWXG\ODUJHO\IROORZVWKHZRUNRI+XJKHV6DVVH DQG*RUGRQRQWKH(DVWHUQHQODUJHPHQW+XJKHVet al.6DVVH +XJKHVet al. argue for the need to study conditionality as a SURFHVVWDNLQJLQWRFRQVLGHUDWLRQLWVIRUPDODQGLQIRUPDOIHDWXUHVDV ZHOODVWKHVLJQLÀFDQFHRIGRPHVWLFDFWRUVWKURXJKWKHXVHRISURFHVV WUDFLQJDVDPHWKRG)RFXVLQJRQWKH)&10LVQHFHVVDU\EHFDXVH WKLV&RQYHQWLRQ¶E\YLUWXHRILWVELQGLQJFKDUDFWHULVFRQVLGHUHGDV DEUHDNWKURXJKLQPLQRULW\SURWHFWLRQ·/LHELFK$VDUHVXOWRI LWVLPSRUWDQFHVWXGLHVRQ(8HQODUJHPHQWKDYHVWUHVVHGWKHQHHG IRUDVKLIW¶WRZDUGVDVRPHZKDWPRUHIRUPDOLQFRUSRUDWLRQRIWKH &RXQFLORI(XURSHPRQLWRULQJV\VWHPZLWKLQWKH(8SUHDFFHVVLRQ· .RFKHQRY2QWKHEDVLVRILWVÀQGLQJVWKHFKDSWHUDUJXHV that conditionality in relation to minorities still suffers from incon- VLVWHQFLHVDQGWKDWWKH)&10LVQRWEHLQJV\VWHPDWLFDOO\XVHGE\ WKH(XURSHDQ&RPPLVVLRQ(&LQWKHHQODUJHPHQWSURFHVVIRUWKH SXUSRVHRIEHQFKPDUNLQJLQWKHSROLWLFDOFULWHULD The case of...

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