The Challenges of Political, Economic and Social Change
Edited By Claire Gordon, Marko Kmezic and Jasmina Opardija-Susnjar
What is the state of democracy in the region? Are the countries of the Western Balkans stuck somewhere between authoritarianism and genuine democracy? What are the remaining obstacles to state building? What effect has the crisis had on young people in the Western Balkans?
These are some of the questions the authors of this volume seek to answer. The studies look at different countries and combine methods from various disciplines ranging from political science, history, economics and law to sociology, anthropology and cultural studies.
Jana Korunovska Srbijanko, Neda Korunovska Avramovska and Tanja Maleska - The ‘Getting Nowhere’ Generation: The Transitions of Unemployed Youth in Transitional Macedonia - 269
1 Youth employment is a major focus of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and also the Ministers and Heads of Delegations participating in the High-Level Segment of the Substantive 2006 Session of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) committed themselves to ‘develop[ing] and implement[ing] strategies that give youth everywhere a real and equal oppor- WXQLW\WRÀQGIXOODQGSURGXFWLYHHPSOR\PHQWDQGGHFHQWZRUN·(&262& High-level Segment: Ministerial Declaration, 5 July 2006, E/2006/L.8.). -DQD.RUXQRYVND6UELMDQNR1HGD.RUXQRYVND$YUDPRYVND DQG7DQMD0DOHVND 7KH¶*HWWLQJ1RZKHUH·*HQHUDWLRQ The Transitions of Unemployed Youth in Transitional Macedonia Introduction The world is facing a growing youth employment crisis. Developing DQGGHYHORSHGHFRQRPLHVDOLNHDUHFRQIURQWHGZLWKWKHFKDOOHQJH of creating decent and sustainable jobs for the large cohort of young SHRSOHHQWHULQJWKHODERXUPDUNHWHYHU\\HDU7KLVLVHVSHFLDOO\WUXH in transition countries that have very high unemployment rates, such as Macedonia, where, since the 1990s, the rate has stood constantly above 30% Perhaps the high overall unemployment rates are the reason why this is a marginal issue in Macedonia, while youth unem- ployment is high on the agenda of the international community.1 Recognizing that a failure to successfully integrate young people LQWRWKHODERXUPDUNHWKDVEURDGHUFRQVHTXHQFHVIRUWKHIXWXUHSURV- perity and development of countries, this chapter tries to illuminate the predictors of youth employment in the Republic of Macedonia. This chapter adds to the growing evidence of a global situation LQZKLFK\RXQJSHRSOHIDFHLQFUHDVLQJGLIÀFXOWLHVZKHQHQWHULQJ WKHODERXUIRUFHDQGFRQÀUPVWKDW\RXQJSHRSOHLQ0DFHGRQLDDUH 270 6UELMDQNR$YUDPRYVNDDQG0DOHVND $GHWDLOHGGHVFULSWLRQRIWKHPHWKRGRORJ\DQGWKHVDPSOHLVSURYLGHGLQWKH appendix. 3 Derived as an index calculated as household income divided by the number of persons that live in the household of the respondent. 4 Measured as the reported number of employed friends and relatives...
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