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Hybrid Qualifications: Structures and Problems in the Context of European VET Policy

structures and problems in the context of european vet policy

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Edited By Thomas Deissinger, Josef Aff, Alison Fuller and Christian Helms Jørgensen

Against the background of increasing qualification needs there is a growing awareness of the challenge to widen participation in processes of skill formation and competence development. At the same time, the issue of permeability between vocational education and training (VET) and general education has turned out as a major focus of European education and training policies and certainly is a crucial principle underlying the European Qualifications Framework (EQF). In this context, «hybrid qualifications» (HQ) may be seen as an interesting approach to tackle these challenges as they serve «two masters», i.e. by producing skills for the labour market and enabling individuals to progress more or less directly to higher education. The specific focus of this book is placed on conditions, structures and processes which help to combine VET with qualifications leading into higher education.
This volume assembles articles by researchers from Switzerland, the Netherlands, France, Australia, Canada, Scotland, England, Denmark, Austria and Germany.

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Part One Findings from the Leonardo Innovation Transfer Project “Hybrid Qualifications – increasing the value of Vocational Education and Training in the context of Lifelong Learning” 11

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Part One Findings from the Leonardo Innovation Transfer Project “Hybrid Qualifications – increasing the value of Vocational Education and Training in the context of Lifelong Learning” JOSEF AFF, ELISABETH PASCHINGER & JOHANNA RECHBERGER The realisation of hybrid qualifications in Austria – structures, analysis, empirical findings Policy and cultural-educational context in Austria The development of an educational system in general and vocational education in particular can only be appropriately explained if the historical, cultural and socio-economic conditions are taken into consideration. This is also the “stumbling stone” of comparative ana- lyses of educational systems of different countries, because impulses for transfer to other countries get a relative significance due to the respective historical context. To understand the context of the Aus- trian vocational education, therefore, a brief historical digression is necessary. Brief remarks on the historical development of vocational education and training in Austria Like in other German-speaking countries or regions, Germany, Swit- zerland or South Tyrol, the roots of dual training, which also in Aus- tria is of high value with a share of around 40 % of young people aged between 14 and 19 years, dates back to the guilds of the Mid- dle Ages. In the technical and crafts field of vocational education in the year 1815 the headstone for school-based labour-market relevant vocational education at secondary level II was laid with the found- ing of the Vienna Polytechnic Institute (“Wiener Polytechnikum”) (Scheipl 1987; Scheipl 1988). With the establishment of a mandatory curriculum for the “Gremial Business School of the Viennese...

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