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Economic Terms and Beyond: Capitalising on the Wealth of Notions

How Researchers in Specialised Varieties of English Can Benefit from Focusing on Terms

Series:

Catherine Resche

This book, which is aimed at researchers in specialised varieties of English, provides an illustration of how linguists can use terms, i.e. the expression of concepts in specialised fields, as entry points to explore any specialised domain, whether academic or professional, and to get acquainted with its history, its culture, and the evolution of the ideas that have nurtured it. Choosing the field of economics as an example, the author approaches terms from a diachronic, descriptive and contextual perspective, focusing on neonyms, metaphorical, ambiguous or indeterminate terms, as well as interface terms likely to underscore the evolving character of the domain. The analysis points out the role of terms as milestones highlighting key discoveries that have shaped scientific fields; terms can also be considered as barometers of the evolution of knowledge in a specific field and of a changing social environment. Whoever thought terms were only interesting for their definitions or for translation purposes will no doubt be surprised at the insights that can be gained from considering them from a different angle and for other purposes.

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Subject index 319

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Subject index Abbreviation, 88-89, 188 Absolute advantage, 96-98 Accounting, 165, 178, 238,253, 263, 269, 272 aggressive accounting, 238 cosmetic accounting, 238 creative accounting, 88, 238 environmental accounting, 271 forensic accounting, 238 green accounting, 107, 253, 271 resource accounting, 271 Acronym, 38, 88-89 Active inertia, 104, 108, 194, 214 Active waiting, 104, 108-109, 194 Activity-based costing, 104 Adjustable-Rate Mortgage, 89, 114, 167 hybrid ARM, 114 Affix, 87, 92 Alt-A loan, 113-114 Ambiguity, 18, 20, 28, 134, 136, 200- 201, 283 Analogy, 68-72, 106, 134, 152, 169- 170, 188, 277 Assets, 102, 114, 165, 167-168, 183- 184, 234 frozen assets, 164 illiquid assets, 116 immaterial assets, 181 intangible assets, 185 liquid assets, 134, 149, 164 physical assets, 183 toxic assets, 89, 116 Backshoring, 87 Bagel land, 234 Bailout, 92, 116, 158, 164, 233 Balanced scorecard, 104, 107-108 Bankster, 116 Bestshoring, 87, 237 Billanthropy, 91 Biological analogies, 19, 54, 68-69, 72-73 Biology, 16, 70-73, 103, 105, 115, 131, 144, 152-155, 162-163, 171- 172, 188, 196, 246, 249, 254-255, 257, 261-262, 268 Black swan, 195, 200 Blending, 86, 90-91 Bottom of the pyramid, 104, 108 Brainstorming, 104 Bubble, 85, 113-115, 166-169, 262 Burgernomics, 88 Bushonomics, 88 Business cluster, 104 Business process reengineering, 104 Calque, 86 Capital, 94, 110, 116, 144, 149, 155, 157, 178, 181-182, 207, 223, 272 cultural capital, 185 educational capital, 179, 185 emotional capital, 181, 185 environmental capital, 185, 272 financial capital, 182, 184 fixed capital, 178 human capital, 97, 102, 111, 177-187, 192, 215, 237, 272 320 immaterial capital,...

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