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Japan as a ‘Global Pacifist State’

Its Changing Pacifism and Security Identity

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Daisuke Akimoto

This book examines Japan’s changing pacifism and its implications for Japan’s security identity from 1945 to the present. To examine the shift in Japanese pacifism, this research employs the concept of ‘negative pacifism’ (Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution) and ‘positive pacifism’ (the Preamble of the Constitution) as an analytical framework. To analyse multiple factors which facilitated the shift in Japan’s pacifism, this study applies ‘analytical eclecticism’ and integrates the analytical framework (negative-positive pacifism) with orthodox international relations theories and approaches. In an application of analytical eclecticism, the author proposes four theoretical models of Japan’s security identity: (a) ‘pacifist state’ (classical liberalism/negative pacifism); (b) ‘UN peacekeeper’ (neo-liberalism/positive pacifism); (c) ‘normal state’ (classical realism/domestic pressure); and (d) ‘US ally’ (neo-realism/external-structural pressure). In addition to the four basic models above, this book attempts to reveal Japan’s ‘core security identity’ as a ‘global pacifist state’.

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Acknowledgements 9

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9Acknowledgements This book is based on my PhD thesis submitted to the University of Western Sydney in 2011. First and foremost, I would like to express my profound appreciation to my principal supervisor, Dr. David Walton, for his excellent supervision, warm encouragement, and considerable per- severance for a number of years. Likewise, I would like to show my gratitude to my co-supervisors, Associate Professor Judith Snodgrass and Professor Edmund Fung, for their proficient and willing supervisions on my doctoral research. Also, special thanks go to my editor, Dr. Marie Fellbaum Korpi for her skilful editing and English grammatical advice. As well, I appreciate the editors of Peter Lang AG International Aca- demic Publishers, especially Professor David Chiavacci of Zurich Uni- versity, for peer-review and editing process of the book manuscript. Completion of this book was unattainable without their sincere and solid support. Second, I am thankful to the University of Western Sydney for pro- viding me with the International Postgraduate Research Scholarship and International Award (2007–2011) to conduct my PhD study. I am also grateful to the Soka University Alumni Scholarship (2007–2009) which supported my fieldwork in Tokyo. As well, I am appreciative of the Ambassadorial Scholarship of the Rotary International (2005–2006) to complete master’s dissertation at the University of Sydney. Writing this book was literally impossible without financial assistance. Third, I would like to appreciate Professor Hideki Tamai, Professor Minoru Koide (Current and Former Director of the Soka University Peace Research Institute), Dr. Urbain Olivier (Director...

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