Its Changing Pacifism and Security Identity
Chapter Three Japan as a ‘UN Peace-Builder’ in East Timor 129
129 Chapter Three Japan as a ‘UN Peace-Builder’ in East Timor Introduction As discussed in the previous chapter, participation in UNTAC was a turning-point for Japan’s security policy. Japanese pacifism shifted from one-nation pacifism constrained by Article 9 (negative pacifism) to in- ternational pacifism based on the Preamble of the Constitution (positive pacifism). After sending the SDF to Cambodia, the Japanese government dispatched peacekeepers to the following UN peacekeeping operations and other humanitarian operations: Mozambique (1993); El Salvador (1994); Congo (1994); Golan Heights (1995, 1996); Bosnia (1998); and Kosovo (1999).422 Since participation in the UNTAC operation, Japan has continued to make contributions to post-conflict peace operations as a ‘UN peacekeeper’. In this context, the Japanese government attempted to make a greater contribution to peacekeeping operations in East Timor. The UN-led peace operations in East Timor were comprehensive and can be divided into four major stages. First, the United Nations Mission in East Timor (UNAMET), led-by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) Ian Martin was established on 11 June 1999 in order to observe the national referendum. Second, the Austral- ian-led International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) under the com- mand of Major General Peter Cosgrove began on 15 September 1999 as a peace-enforcement operation authorised by the United Nations. Third, as a peacekeeping operation, the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) led by the SRSG Sergio Vieira de Mello was set up on 25 October 1999. Fourth, as a post-independent peace-building operation, the United Nations Mission...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.