Propositions for Educating Students in a Modern World
Edited By Jorge Juan Vega y Vega
Chapter 9. The Enthymeme in Composition Studies: Discourse Analysis in Specialized Medical Texts (Mª Sandra Marrero Morales)
Mª Sandra Marrero Morales Chapter 9. The Enthymeme in Composition Studies: Discourse Analysis in Specialized Medical Texts A. Introduction This chapter presents to students an interesting didactic proposal, which aims at observing the different ways in which the rhetorical structure of the enthymeme is used in the analysis of discourse in the ﬁeld of health sciences. The enthymeme, a three-part deductive argument, lets students produce consistent and logical argumentative texts related to their ﬁeld of study. Therefore, the use of this rhetorical structure can be considered, from our point of view, as a technique which gives clarity, precision and reada- bility to medical arguments. These characteristics are essential in medical language, a language in which the enthymeme makes students conscious of the development of argumentation in different specialized medical texts. Moreover, this technique can be applied to a wide variety of texts in the ﬁeld of health sciences such as the research article, the forensic report, the autopsy report, the autopsy protocol, the medical prescription, health and death certiﬁcates, etc. First of all, we will make reference to discourse analysis and genre anal- ysis as regards the investigations related to the ﬁeld of English for Speciﬁc Purposes (ESP), and more concretely, to the studies focused on the ﬁeld of medical English. We will take into account the way in which the different investigations about discourse analysis have been applied to the teaching materials in this ﬁeld of study. Secondly, we will focus our attention on the analysis of...
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