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The Essential Enthymeme

Propositions for Educating Students in a Modern World

Edited By Jorge Juan Vega y Vega

The enthymeme in education is essential because it reflects what humans do when they think. It informs not only how we make inferences about the world to discover new knowledge, but also how we express those discoveries to influence the minds of others. Thus, the enthymeme provides an effective pedagogical approach to the analysis and synthesis of ideas in the classroom. In this volume, such an approach is applied to composition instruction, second-language learning, advertising, specialized medical texts, and detective fiction to help prepare students for the challenges of modern life. (Michael D. Hood)

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Chapter 9. The Enthymeme in Composition Studies: Discourse Analysis in Specialized Medical Texts (Mª Sandra Marrero Morales)

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Mª Sandra Marrero Morales Chapter 9. The Enthymeme in Composition Studies: Discourse Analysis in Specialized Medical Texts A. Introduction This chapter presents to students an interesting didactic proposal, which aims at observing the different ways in which the rhetorical structure of the enthymeme is used in the analysis of discourse in the field of health sciences. The enthymeme, a three-part deductive argument, lets students produce consistent and logical argumentative texts related to their field of study. Therefore, the use of this rhetorical structure can be considered, from our point of view, as a technique which gives clarity, precision and reada- bility to medical arguments. These characteristics are essential in medical language, a language in which the enthymeme makes students conscious of the development of argumentation in different specialized medical texts. Moreover, this technique can be applied to a wide variety of texts in the field of health sciences such as the research article, the forensic report, the autopsy report, the autopsy protocol, the medical prescription, health and death certificates, etc. First of all, we will make reference to discourse analysis and genre anal- ysis as regards the investigations related to the field of English for Specific Purposes (ESP), and more concretely, to the studies focused on the field of medical English. We will take into account the way in which the different investigations about discourse analysis have been applied to the teaching materials in this field of study. Secondly, we will focus our attention on the analysis of...

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