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The Essential Enthymeme

Propositions for Educating Students in a Modern World

Edited By Jorge Juan Vega y Vega

The enthymeme in education is essential because it reflects what humans do when they think. It informs not only how we make inferences about the world to discover new knowledge, but also how we express those discoveries to influence the minds of others. Thus, the enthymeme provides an effective pedagogical approach to the analysis and synthesis of ideas in the classroom. In this volume, such an approach is applied to composition instruction, second-language learning, advertising, specialized medical texts, and detective fiction to help prepare students for the challenges of modern life. (Michael D. Hood)

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Chapter 10. The Enthymeme in Detective Novels ([Daniela Ventura] [Jorge Juan Vega y Vega])

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Daniela Ventura & Jorge Juan Vega y Vega Chapter 10. The Enthymeme in Detective Novels You see, but you do not observe. The distinction is clear. (Arthur Conan Doyle) There is no need to be Sherlock Holmes or Hercule Poirot to realise that seeing without observing is one of the most pressing social and cultural problems these days.1 In the field of education, what seems to cause most concern is the difficulty that students have in understanding what they read, which often leads them to reject books (as “taboo” objects, a source of anxiety) and sometimes literature. This effect could be catastrophic in more than one sense.2 With modernity, the relations that literature establishes with society are increasingly tense (Todorov, 2007). A literary text can be savoured with extreme pleasure and enthusiasm, or on the contrary, cause boredom, pity, anxiety or total indifference. According to Eco (1962), art, on the one hand, is a kind of knowledge and can be described with scientific-cognitive mod- els, and on the other, the “co-operation” of the end-user (reader, spectator, etc.) is necessary to interpret the work of art. Everything depends on just how masterly the author is and, to a large extent, on the reader’s degree of empathy. For the reader to provide his or her “co-operation” and feel em- pathy (awareness) with the text, he or she must come into contact with this virtual world. It is not just a case of “reading to learn”, but rather, “learning to read”, of learning...

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