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Corpus-based studies on language varieties

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Francisco Alonso Almeida, Laura Cruz García and Víctor González-Ruiz

This volume brings together a number of corpus-based studies dealing with language varieties. These contributions focus on contemporary lines of research interests, and include language teaching and learning, translation, domain-specific grammatical and textual phenomena, linguistic variation and gender, among others. Corpora used in these studies range from highly specialized texts, including earlier scientific texts, to regional varieties. Under the umbrella of corpus linguistics, scholars also apply other distinct methodological approaches to their data in order to offer new insights into old and new topics in linguistics and applied linguistics. Another important contribution of this book lies in the obvious didactic implications of the results obtained in the individual chapters for domain-based language teaching.

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Corpus-based knowledge representation in specialized domains (Assunta Caruso / Antonietta Folino)

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Assunta Caruso / Antonietta Folino Corpus-based knowledge representation in specialized domains1 1. Introduction The advantages of using corpus tools in terminological work have by now become well founded (Bowker 1996; Bowker and Pearson 2002; Meyer and Mackintosh 1996; Pearson 1998). In particular, the advan- tages of creating thesauri through a corpus-based approach include the possibility of extracting terms which are actually used in current written language according to evidence-based linguistic criteria. Indeed, crite- ria such as representativeness and balance, established by corpus lin- guistics as indexes of a well-constructed corpus, should be considered in this particular use of corpora, i.e. defining terminological resources that describe a specific domain in a comprehensive manner. Accord- ingly, the quality of the corpus could be measured a posteriori, by evaluating the quantity and the representativeness of the extracted terms. To this end, this paper aims at presenting the compilation of a specialized comparable corpus in the domain of tourism followed by the construction of a controlled vocabulary, whose function will consist in domain knowledge representation, terminological control, indexing and information retrieval. The work described in this paper has been conducted within the framework of the project DiCeT-INMOTO-OR.C.HE.S.T.R.A2, part of 1 Although the authors have cooperated in the research work and in writing the paper, they have individually devoted specific attention to the following sec- tions: Caruso: 1; 2; 3 (3.1 – 3.1.1 – 3.1.2); Folino: 3 (3.2 – 3.3); 4. 2 DiCeT – LivingLab Di Cultura e Tecnologia; INMOTO – INformation and MObility for TOurism; OR.C.HE.S.T.R.A....

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