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Corpus-based studies on language varieties

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Francisco Alonso Almeida, Laura Cruz García and Víctor González-Ruiz

This volume brings together a number of corpus-based studies dealing with language varieties. These contributions focus on contemporary lines of research interests, and include language teaching and learning, translation, domain-specific grammatical and textual phenomena, linguistic variation and gender, among others. Corpora used in these studies range from highly specialized texts, including earlier scientific texts, to regional varieties. Under the umbrella of corpus linguistics, scholars also apply other distinct methodological approaches to their data in order to offer new insights into old and new topics in linguistics and applied linguistics. Another important contribution of this book lies in the obvious didactic implications of the results obtained in the individual chapters for domain-based language teaching.

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Reflections on our astronomical undertaking: nominalizations and possessive structures in the "Coruña Corpus" (Iria Bello Viruega)

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Iria Bello Viruega Reflections on our astronomical undertaking: nominalizations and possessive structures in the Coruña Corpus 1. Introduction This study covers the period from 1700 to 1900. In this time-span, sev- eral economic, technical and social changes affected the methodologies and approaches followed in science. This evolution had its effects on language, too. The situation of the language at the turn of the seven- teenth century was increasingly expanded to cover new aspects of life. At that time, English was struggling to become a respectable language for scientific use. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries witnessed a constant dispute between empiricism and rationalism. The coexistence of the two schools implied not only a different way of doing science but also a different language use (Banks 2005: 350). As far as the eighteenth century is concerned, the Enlightenment is considered the most important historical, intellectual movement in Europe and America at that time. The Age of reason aimed at establish- ing an authoritative system that would manage to organize society and banish superstition and irrationality. The increase of industrial produc- tion contributed to the development of a type of science which searched to be applicable to situations of real life. Deduction and intuition were thus substituted by practical applications of scientific theories. Although the formal distinction between pure and applied sciences was not estab- lished until some time later, the eighteenth century was the turning point which marked the beginning of the applied branches of science. Applied sciences...

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