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Trends in Phonetics and Phonology

Studies from German-speaking Europe

Edited By Adrian Leemann, Marie-José Kolly, Stephan Schmid and Volker Dellwo

This volume was inspired by the 9th edition of the Phonetik & Phonologie conference, held in Zurich in October 2013. It includes state of the art research on phonetics and phonology in various languages and from interdisciplinary contributors. The volume is structured into the following eight sections: segmentals, suprasegmentals, articulation in spoken and sign language, perception, phonology, crowdsourcing phonetic data, second language speech, and arts (with inevitable overlap between these areas).
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Conditioning factors in word-final coronal stop deletion in British English: An articulatory-acoustic analysis

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Abstract

This study, using the multichannel articulatory database MOCHA-TIMIT, explores the articulatory-acoustic characteristics of coronal stop deletion, or t/d deletion, in word-final consonant clusters in British English. We aim at providing initial empirical data for the phonetic nature of t/d deletion and at examining the approach taken by the Articulatory Phonology framework. The articulatory-acoustic analysis reveals a clear pattern of decreasing the tongue tip gesture in the deletion cases. Gestural hiding as one process of t/d deletion does not always occur even if the target coronal stop is in the relevant phonological context. It is shown that the realization of t/d deletion involves the categorical and gradient nature of gestural reduction. The results of the statistical evaluation of the linguistic factor groups reveal that the preceding and following phonological contexts are significant in promoting the occurrence of t/d deletion but the morphological class of the words is not. The characterization of gestural overlap and hiding in Articulatory Phonology is clarified and further refinements are proposed by showing the effects of the phonological contexts upon the implementation of the tongue tip gesture.

Keywords

Coronal stop deletion, Electromagnetic Articulograph (EMA), Electropalatograph (EPG), gestural hiding, gestural reduction, MOCHA-TIMIT

*   Corresponding author: nakamura.mitsuhiro99@nihon-u.ac.jp, Tel: +81 3 3219 3423, Fax: +81 3 3219 3423

a   EFL Division, College of Economics, Nihon University, 1-3-2 Misaki-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8360 Japan ← 241 | 242 →

1.0   Introduction

A coronal stop, /t/ or /d/, in...

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