The Iberian Peninsula from the periphery
Edited By Flocel Sabaté and Luís Adão Da Fonseca
Cuius Generalis: The erudite notion of Justice in the Crown of Aragon and Catalonia (12th-18th Centuries)
Tomàs DE MONTAGUT
Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Institut d’Estudis Catalans
To examine the notion of Justice in the Crown of Aragon and Catalonia, I consider it worth reproducing the definition of this concept in the Leges Palatinae of the kings of Majorca from 13372 which is reproduced in its Romanised versions, in other words, in the Ordinations of the House and ← 223 | 224 → Court of the kings of Aragon promulgated by King Peter the Ceremonious in 13443.
In the first of the texts, the definition of Justice is included under the rubric of the office of the Procurator Fiscal, the official in charge of pursuing all those lawyers who do not observe either the laws or law in general. The justification of the mission assigned to this official by the legislator or ordainer is based on the argument according to which observing the law is essential and obliges even the prince himself, given that through the laws is how justice is cultivated and achieved, considered at the same time an inestimable virtue, religious and human.
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