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Catalonia and Portugal

The Iberian Peninsula from the periphery


Flocel Sabaté and Luís Adão Da Fonseca

Between 2010 and 2013 the European Science Foundation project «Cuius Regio» undertook a study of the reasons for cohesion of some European regions, including the analysis of the ways for cohesion of two peripherical Iberian entities: Portugal and Catalonia. A scientific meeting held in Lleida in 2012 facilitated the collection of contributions from outstanding researchers in order to analyse how specific identities in the periphery of the Iberian Peninsula were created in the Middle Ages and how they evolved until the 19th century. History, Literature and Language are being discussed in this book in order to understand the reasons for creating specific territorial identities and also to compare their different evolutions, that have resulted in different political realities in our current times.
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Cuius Generalis: The erudite notion of Justice in the Crown of Aragon and Catalonia (12th-18th Centuries)




Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Institut d’Estudis Catalans

To examine the notion of Justice in the Crown of Aragon and Catalonia, I consider it worth reproducing the definition of this concept in the Leges Palatinae of the kings of Majorca from 13372 which is reproduced in its Romanised versions, in other words, in the Ordinations of the House and ← 223 | 224 → Court of the kings of Aragon promulgated by King Peter the Ceremonious in 13443.

In the first of the texts, the definition of Justice is included under the rubric of the office of the Procurator Fiscal, the official in charge of pursuing all those lawyers who do not observe either the laws or law in general. The justification of the mission assigned to this official by the legislator or ordainer is based on the argument according to which observing the law is essential and obliges even the prince himself, given that through the laws is how justice is cultivated and achieved, considered at the same time an inestimable virtue, religious and human.

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