The Iberian Peninsula from the periphery
The concept of Spain in Catalan and Hispanic political thought from the era of reason of state
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Institut d’Estudis Catalans
The historical dialectic established during the centuries of modernity between the state model built by the Castilian “establishment” and that of the Catalan historical formation, can be analysed from different perspectives. Thus, at a political-military level we have been able to examine the process of rising tension stemming from the coexistence, in one same aggregative political entity, of a pattern of absolutist and standardising tendencies and one that is constitutionalist and pluralist in its institutional and territorial conception. Tensions that, as is well-known, gave rise to three serious “moments” of confrontation: the “confusions” of 1587-1593, the Catalan Revolt from 1640-1652 and, lastly, the War of the Spanish Succession which ended on 11th September 1714, and led to the forced joining of the Catalan historical formation with the state model supported by the Castilian establishment.
But this dialectic can also be studied from the perspective of the movements and conflicts that arose in the sphere of ideas, symbols and cultural and identity-related referents, all of which intellectually fuelled the political practice, at the same time that their fundamental seeds lay within it. It is within this perspective that the contribution of this paper can be situated. On the basis of a specific but central concept, such as that of Spain, I will analyse the political and identity-related concepts that were produced and, at times clashed, in this phase of the construction...
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