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Catalonia and Portugal

The Iberian Peninsula from the periphery


Edited By Flocel Sabaté and Luís Adão Da Fonseca

Between 2010 and 2013 the European Science Foundation project «Cuius Regio» undertook a study of the reasons for cohesion of some European regions, including the analysis of the ways for cohesion of two peripherical Iberian entities: Portugal and Catalonia. A scientific meeting held in Lleida in 2012 facilitated the collection of contributions from outstanding researchers in order to analyse how specific identities in the periphery of the Iberian Peninsula were created in the Middle Ages and how they evolved until the 19 th century. History, Literature and Language are being discussed in this book in order to understand the reasons for creating specific territorial identities and also to compare their different evolutions, that have resulted in different political realities in our current times.
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The concept of Spain in Catalan and Hispanic political thought from the era of reason of state



Antoni SIMON

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Institut d’Estudis Catalans

The historical dialectic established during the centuries of modernity between the state model built by the Castilian “establishment” and that of the Catalan historical formation, can be analysed from different perspectives. Thus, at a political-military level we have been able to examine the process of rising tension stemming from the coexistence, in one same aggregative political entity, of a pattern of absolutist and standardising tendencies and one that is constitutionalist and pluralist in its institutional and territorial conception. Tensions that, as is well-known, gave rise to three serious “moments” of confrontation: the “confusions” of 1587-1593, the Catalan Revolt from 1640-1652 and, lastly, the War of the Spanish Succession which ended on 11th September 1714, and led to the forced joining of the Catalan historical formation with the state model supported by the Castilian establishment.

But this dialectic can also be studied from the perspective of the movements and conflicts that arose in the sphere of ideas, symbols and cultural and identity-related referents, all of which intellectually fuelled the political practice, at the same time that their fundamental seeds lay within it. It is within this perspective that the contribution of this paper can be situated. On the basis of a specific but central concept, such as that of Spain, I will analyse the political and identity-related concepts that were produced and, at times clashed, in this phase of the construction...

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