The Iberian Peninsula from the periphery
Edited By Flocel Sabaté and Luís Adão Da Fonseca
Portugal unido, y separado. Propaganda and the discourse of identity between the Habsburgs and the Braganza
Universidade Nova de Lisboa and Centro de História de Além Mar (CHAM)
This essay focuses on a treatise published during the late 1650s entitled Portugal unido, y separado. Escrevia el afecto español de Don Pedro Valenzuela. Al Excelentissimo Señor Don Agustin de Alencastre Sande y Padilla, Duque de Abrantes, &c. Written by Pedro Valenzuela, the treatise was published in Madrid by Mateus Fernandes in 1659, during a period of renewed, intensified propaganda against the Braganzas of Portugal. Shortly after the Portuguese rebellion, Spanish propaganda had pointed its batteries against the “Portuguese rebels”. In a short period of time, numerous articles were printed harshly criticizing the Duke of Braganza and his supporters. Nevertheless, from 1648 onward, the Portuguese rebellion passed to the background, and for the propagandists who defended Philip IV, the priority became the rebellion of Naples, the war with France, and especially the reestablishment of Habsburg rule in Catalonia. As a consequence, Spanish propaganda against Portugal2 faded away.
After 1657, however, several works in favor of Philip IV were again published, and were specifically addressed to the Portuguese context. The victory in Catalonia enabled the Spanish Monarch to focus on the Portuguese front, and this turn was reflected in the pace of publication of reports on military actions. Between 1657 and 1661 more than twelve works were printed reporting on military operations, especially on the ← 395 | 396 → border between Portugal and Galicia. In...
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