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Catalonia and Portugal

The Iberian Peninsula from the periphery

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Edited By Flocel Sabaté and Luís Adão Da Fonseca

Between 2010 and 2013 the European Science Foundation project «Cuius Regio» undertook a study of the reasons for cohesion of some European regions, including the analysis of the ways for cohesion of two peripherical Iberian entities: Portugal and Catalonia. A scientific meeting held in Lleida in 2012 facilitated the collection of contributions from outstanding researchers in order to analyse how specific identities in the periphery of the Iberian Peninsula were created in the Middle Ages and how they evolved until the 19 th century. History, Literature and Language are being discussed in this book in order to understand the reasons for creating specific territorial identities and also to compare their different evolutions, that have resulted in different political realities in our current times.
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Portugal unido, y separado. Propaganda and the discourse of identity between the Habsburgs and the Braganza

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Pedro CARDIM

Universidade Nova de Lisboa and Centro de História de Além Mar (CHAM)

This essay focuses on a treatise published during the late 1650s entitled Portugal unido, y separado. Escrevia el afecto español de Don Pedro Valenzuela. Al Excelentissimo Señor Don Agustin de Alencastre Sande y Padilla, Duque de Abrantes, &c. Written by Pedro Valenzuela, the treatise was published in Madrid by Mateus Fernandes in 1659, during a period of renewed, intensified propaganda against the Braganzas of Portugal. Shortly after the Portuguese rebellion, Spanish propaganda had pointed its batteries against the “Portuguese rebels”. In a short period of time, numerous articles were printed harshly criticizing the Duke of Braganza and his supporters. Nevertheless, from 1648 onward, the Portuguese rebellion passed to the background, and for the propagandists who defended Philip IV, the priority became the rebellion of Naples, the war with France, and especially the reestablishment of Habsburg rule in Catalonia. As a consequence, Spanish propaganda against Portugal2 faded away.

After 1657, however, several works in favor of Philip IV were again published, and were specifically addressed to the Portuguese context. The victory in Catalonia enabled the Spanish Monarch to focus on the Portuguese front, and this turn was reflected in the pace of publication of reports on military actions. Between 1657 and 1661 more than twelve works were printed reporting on military operations, especially on the ← 395 | 396 → border between Portugal and Galicia. In...

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