Challenges and Hopes
Edited By Viktor Stepanenko and Yaroslav Pylynskyi
Ukraine’s Revolution as De-Institutionalisation of the Post-Soviet Order
The reasons for and the lessons and significance of the long-term historical effects of Ukraine’s protest movement and its culmination, the people’s uprising in late 2013–early 2014, still require in-depth study. This is so due to the ongoing process of the country’s dramatic social-political changes, the final outcomes of which are hardly predictable. Indeed, at the beginning of 2014 nobody would have been able to predict the ignominious flight of former president Yanukovych and the rapid collapse of his authoritarian state machine over the following couple of days, the accession of Crimea to the Russian Federation, the pre-term election of the new president Petro Poroshenko in one electoral turnover (for the first time in Ukraine’s complex political history), radical separatism and the ensuing strange, “hybrid” war (officially still called an “anti-terrorist operation”) on the Ukrainian Donbas, and all the complex socio-economic and financial consequences of the country’s dramatic geopolitical turn towards Europe. The new historical challenges, unknown since Ukraine gained independence in 1991, and social-revolutionary upheaval on an unprecedentedly high level undermined a conservative evolutionary transformation of Ukrainian society. Moreover, it seems that the controversial and strategically inconsistent model of the country’s post-Soviet development has collapsed.
It is clear that the streets begin to “speak” whenever and wherever the conventional political mechanisms of at least formally democratic and consensual regulation are either broken or substantially corrupted. In examining the case of Ukraine, I will refer to two interconnected concepts explaining the Ukrainian political situation and...
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