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Ukraine after the Euromaidan

Challenges and Hopes


Viktor Stepanenko and Yaroslav Pylynskyi

Ukraine’s protest movement of 2013–14, known as the Euromaidan, and its culmination, the people’s uprising in late 2013–early 2014 became one of the most dramatic world events in recent years. The accession of Crimea to the Russian Federation and military conflict in the Donbas demonstrate that the dramatic dynamics of the country’s ongoing transformation are still far from predictable. This book examines the manifold aspects of Ukraine’s current crisis and its political upheaval. The contributors to the book, Ukrainian experts in a variety of disciplinary fields, explore social, political and cultural reasons and factors behind the country’s transformation in its national and regional dimensions, the impact of Ukraine’s revolution on European and global politics, and also the new challenges of tough reforms with which the country is faced. The contributors share the view that the Euromaidan brought new opportunities for Ukraine’s modern development and the greatest historical chance for the country’s European future since independence in 1991.
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Crimean Tatars’ National Institutes under the Occupation: The Case of the Muftiyat of Crimea


With its annexation by Russia, Crimea became a challenging subject for studying the role and transformation of institutions under the conditions of foreign occupation. In this case study I will focus particularly on the Crimean Tatars’ religious institution, the Muftiyat. One can observe various tactics of the occupiers towards the Crimean Tatars and their institutions – ranging from carrots to sticks. And if the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people and also its leaders have found themselves under ongoing aggressive attacks and repressions, the Tatars’ religious institutions, particularly the Muftiyat, are engaged in a more sophisticated political game, the aim of which is to achieve the loyalty of the Crimean Tatars to (or, at least, their recognition of) the new Russian authorities in Crimea.

The collapse of Yanukovych’s government had a significant impact on the country’s security sector and allowed aggravation of the situation in Crimea. Part of the leadership of the Verkhovna Rada of Crimea (the Parliament of the Crimea) decided to follow the plan of the Kremlin to change the status of the peninsula.

From December 2013, Crimea saw an increasing presence of Russian special forces and special services, as well as Russian volunteers. On February 26, 2014 the Crimean Parliament scheduled an extraordinary session, at which it planned to adopt separatist resolutions. Then the session did not take place due to pressure from protesters who came out at the call of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people. However, in the night...

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