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Ukraine after the Euromaidan

Challenges and Hopes


Edited By Viktor Stepanenko and Yaroslav Pylynskyi

Ukraine’s protest movement of 2013–14, known as the Euromaidan, and its culmination, the people’s uprising in late 2013–early 2014 became one of the most dramatic world events in recent years. The accession of Crimea to the Russian Federation and military conflict in the Donbas demonstrate that the dramatic dynamics of the country’s ongoing transformation are still far from predictable. This book examines the manifold aspects of Ukraine’s current crisis and its political upheaval. The contributors to the book, Ukrainian experts in a variety of disciplinary fields, explore social, political and cultural reasons and factors behind the country’s transformation in its national and regional dimensions, the impact of Ukraine’s revolution on European and global politics, and also the new challenges of tough reforms with which the country is faced. The contributors share the view that the Euromaidan brought new opportunities for Ukraine’s modern development and the greatest historical chance for the country’s European future since independence in 1991.
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The Ukrainian Revolution in International Context


For half a year Ukraine has been at the centre of a storm of events some call a revolution. The causes are rooted primarily in the incomplete post-communist transformations and the formation of the state. But the influence of external factors and the international context to internal developments within Ukraine should not be ignored. It is important to recognise that it is not a question of one-sided external influencing of the Ukrainian Revolution, but of complex interaction with the system of international relations.

The Post-bipolar International System

One of the difficulties of describing the international system is that a universal term has yet to found. The oft-mentioned “post-bipolarity” is more of a contrast with former conditions than a description of the present situation. Nevertheless, in the two decades since the end of the Cold War the system of international relations has undergone certain developments and it is possible to identify tangible outcomes. On the global level there has been a transition from bipolarity to a multipolar stability, mainly due to the dominance of the United States and the consensus of countries with great influence in the international organisations (UN, G8, G20) concerning the foundations of the world order.

This was the result of a certain configuration of hierarchy and power, or in other words a balance of power and its recognition by the international actors. In the early 1990s the world’s leading countries recognised the dominance of the United States and placed...

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