Challenges and Hopes
Edited By Viktor Stepanenko and Yaroslav Pylynskyi
The Ukrainian Revolution in International Context
For half a year Ukraine has been at the centre of a storm of events some call a revolution. The causes are rooted primarily in the incomplete post-communist transformations and the formation of the state. But the influence of external factors and the international context to internal developments within Ukraine should not be ignored. It is important to recognise that it is not a question of one-sided external influencing of the Ukrainian Revolution, but of complex interaction with the system of international relations.
The Post-bipolar International System
One of the difficulties of describing the international system is that a universal term has yet to found. The oft-mentioned “post-bipolarity” is more of a contrast with former conditions than a description of the present situation. Nevertheless, in the two decades since the end of the Cold War the system of international relations has undergone certain developments and it is possible to identify tangible outcomes. On the global level there has been a transition from bipolarity to a multipolar stability, mainly due to the dominance of the United States and the consensus of countries with great influence in the international organisations (UN, G8, G20) concerning the foundations of the world order.
This was the result of a certain configuration of hierarchy and power, or in other words a balance of power and its recognition by the international actors. In the early 1990s the world’s leading countries recognised the dominance of the United States and placed...
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