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Post-War Middle-Class Housing

Models, Construction and Change

Edited By Gaia Caramellino and Federico Zanfi

Post-war middle-class housing played a key role in constructing and transforming the cities of Europe and America, deeply impacting today’s urban landscape. And yet, this stock has been underrepresented in a literature mostly focused on public housing and the work of a few master architects.
This book is the first attempt to explore such housing from an international perspective. It provides a comparative insight into the processes of construction, occupation and transformation of residential architecture built for the middle-classes in 12 different countries between the 1950s and 1970s. It investigates the role of models, actors and policies that shaped the middle-class city, tracing geographies, chronologies and forms of development that often cross national frontiers.
This study is particularly relevant today within the context of «fragilization» which affects the middle-classes, challenging, as it does, the urban role played by this residential heritage in the light of technological obsolescence, trends in patterns of homeownership, as well as social and generational changes.
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I.4 Spanish Post-Civil War Middle-Class Housing: Limited Rent Flats in Francoist Madrid

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DANIEL RINCÓN DE LA VEGA

(Escuela Tecnica Superior de Arquitectura de Sevilla)

I.4 Spanish Post-Civil War Middle-Class Housing: Limited Rent Flats in Francoist Madrid

Scholium

Madrid’s housing during the 1950s and 1960s has been examined by many authors. Critics, such as Antón Capitel, María Teresa Muñoz or Carlos Sambricio have focused their attention on social housing, as well as on a reduced number of architects. The two-volume book Un siglo de vivienda social: 1903–2003, supervised by Carlos Sambricio, includes a comprehensive view on the topic analyzing the whole century. Sambricio is also author of the book Madrid, vivienda y urbanismo: 1900–1960, in which he investigates the development of the city and the impact that flats had in Madrid’s growth, while the work La Casa, el Arquitecto y su Tiempo: la vivienda colectiva, includes references to some of the most remarkable flats of the 20th century. Finally, specialistic guides as Arquitectura de Madrid, edited by the Fundación COAM, or La vivienda moderna 1925–1965: registro DOCOMOMO Ibérico edited by the Fundación Caja de Arquitectos, offer an almost complete panorama. Despite this, research has traditionally been directed to social housing, while middle-class and luxury residential architecture have been rarely studied, with the exception of a reduced number of prestigious and well-known exempla such as the Sáenz de Oíza’s Torres Blancas. However the specialized press of the time Arquitectura, Temas...

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