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Culture and Cognition

A collection of critical essays

Edited By Shamsul Haque and Elizabeth Sheppard

The past few decades have seen a huge increase in global interest in psychology, with more psychologists, psychology programmes and students than ever before. Culture and Cognition: A collection of critical essays is made up of chapters written by experts in each topic, and is aimed at those wishing to learn more about psychology. While culture and cognition have frequently been regarded as separate areas of study in psychology, this book brings together essays on both of these topics as well as several that consider the direct interplay between culture and thinking.
Essays focus on a range of fascinating topics, such as how culture affects memory for events in our own lives or our perceptions of human attractiveness. Essays also address a diverse range of psychological phenomena like déjà-vu, savant abilities, non-suicidal self-injury, theory of mind, problem gambling and sleep disorders. Socio-cultural and professional issues specifically within the Asian context are also discussed.
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A primer in problem gambling

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This essay aims to present a collection of key areas in problem gambling. It will provide an overview of prevalence research, variables implicated in problem gambling, and assessments utilised in the measurement of problem gambling behaviour. Gambling is viewed as an event of risking a sum of money on a specific outcome that is specified by change, regardless of past loss. This behaviour has gained considerable interest among policy makers, clinicians, researchers, public health specialists, and the common public. This essay will define the spectrum of gambling behaviour and how its classifications have evolved over time. Previous research has shown that every gambler is unique; hence, treatment should be tailored to the specific needs of the individual. However, to devise effective intervention strategies for controlling problem gambling behaviour amongst general population, more attention should be given on theory development and evidence-based research at the first place.

A snippet of a typical gambler

Let’s start with the case of Alexander (not the real name). For Alexander, gambling was an occasional affair for social enjoyment during the first 32 years of his life. At age 32, he had everything going for him as he owned a successful accounting business, had a great reputation among his peers, and a good family. In his 33rd year, he made a trip to Las Vegas and was elated when he won some money while playing blackjack. During the next two years, he visited casinos regularly and was winning a great...

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