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Culture and Cognition

A collection of critical essays

Edited By Shamsul Haque and Elizabeth Sheppard

The past few decades have seen a huge increase in global interest in psychology, with more psychologists, psychology programmes and students than ever before. Culture and Cognition: A collection of critical essays is made up of chapters written by experts in each topic, and is aimed at those wishing to learn more about psychology. While culture and cognition have frequently been regarded as separate areas of study in psychology, this book brings together essays on both of these topics as well as several that consider the direct interplay between culture and thinking.
Essays focus on a range of fascinating topics, such as how culture affects memory for events in our own lives or our perceptions of human attractiveness. Essays also address a diverse range of psychological phenomena like déjà-vu, savant abilities, non-suicidal self-injury, theory of mind, problem gambling and sleep disorders. Socio-cultural and professional issues specifically within the Asian context are also discussed.
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Clinical psychology in Malaysia: Roles and issues

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Clinical psychology is a relatively new mental health profession in Malaysia, compared to more established ones such as psychiatry and counselling. The professional recognition of its roles and functions is only beginning to surface with more clinical psychologists being locally trained and returning from overseas training to work in hospitals, private practices and institutes of tertiary education. Clinical psychologists have been increasingly involved in mental health services, campaigns, professional training, public policy-making and academia. The need for clinical psychologists in the mental health care sectors, as well as multifunctional settings such as education, welfare, sports, forensics and industrial organisations have made the profession more sought after than before. Given increasing recognition of its roles, clinical psychology is faced with many professional practice issues such as registration, professional regulation, training, and clinical supervision.

While other South East Asian countries such as Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines have relatively established clinical psychology services and recognition, the profession in Malaysia is still in its early stage, only surfaced in the 1980s (Ng, Teoh, & Haque, 2003). Postgraduate training in clinical psychology began in the mid 1990s, and slowly expanded over the next 20 years. Given this, there are many teething issues concerning professional training and practices, as well as public posts. This paper briefly introduces clinical psychology in Malaysia and other relevant issues pertaining to the profession. Since the profession is relatively new in the country, this paper provides some overview of what clinical psychologists could do besides...

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