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Perverse Identities

Identities in Conflict

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Edited By Flocel Sabate

The urgent need for the study of exclusive identities in conflict is ever more apparent in a globalizing world in which societies are becoming multicultural and complex and in which inter-cultural contact and the co-existence of languages and cultures comes increasingly to bear on the construction of plural identities. The present book considers perversion in the construction of identity and the perverse usage of identity in areas such as social cohesion – xenophobia, racism, ostracism, rejection, ageism, marginalisation – and the mismanagement of linguistic identity, language groups and associated discriminatory practise arising out of historical and culturally based discrimination. The texts were submitted in an international meeting held in the Institute for Identities and Societies of the University on Lleida (Catalonia, Spain) in November 2012.
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Ethnic identity in medieval Sardinia: rethinking and reflecting on 14th and 15th century examples

Extract

Luciano GALLINARI

CNR, Istituto di Storia dell’Europa mediterranea

Et ego[…] solus sicut agnus remaneo inter lupos in terris meis

Hugh II Judge of Arborea to James II King of Aragon (December 19th, 1325)

1. Catalans and Sardinians before and during the conquest of Regnum Sardinie et Corsice1

The relationship between Catalans and Sardinians encompasses almost all the Later Middle Ages – officially beginning from the mid-twelfth century – and it continues, with significant changes at the institutional level from 1297, until the sixteenth century when the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica merged into the Crown of Spain, even though persisting well beyond on artistic, linguistic and cultural levels lato sensu2.

← 81 | 82 → Within this long period, however, this work focuses on a limited lapse of time – from the mid-twelfth century until and the end de iure and de facto of Arborea’s Judicate in 1420. During this time, the historian can observe an interesting comparison / clash between a Judical Sardinian identity on the one hand and a Catalan-Aragonese one on the other, as a result of political and cultural “discourses”. As it happens during any time of crisis-individual or collective – this process of identity-making elaboration between these two parties increased in a notable matter, especially between the mid-fourteenth century and 1420 when the Judicate of Arborea and the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica engaged in a long military, political and institutional conflict3.

However, even for the period previous...

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