Foreword: Humour and audiovisual translation: an overview: Elisa Perego
Humour and audiovisual translation: an overview
Audiovisual translation (AVT) is a long established practice. It can be traced back to the origins of cinema, i.e., to the silent era, and it grew more complex during the transition to the sound era, when intertitles transformed into subtitles, early dubbing arose, and multiple-language versions as well as multilingual scripts had to be handled. For over 80 years now AVT has played a major role in satisfying the ever growing need to make film products readily available in numerous countries around the world. There are several known modes of AVT. They include the more common dubbing and subtitling (in its inter- and intra-lingual forms), and the less widespread voice-over, narration and commentary, and they now also embrace audio description for the blind. It is known that historical factors, financial means, cultural background, political orientation, linguistic choices and geographical dynamics have influenced countries around the world in choosing the form which better suited them, and most of them still stick to them (Perego & Taylor, 2012).
Once established, AVT soon aroused intense interest on the part of practitioners and scholars who started to feel the need to understand its inner mechanisms. Orero (2009) sets 1932 as the earliest date for research on AVT, which however began to be considered as part of the discipline of Translation Studies only around the 1980s, after considerable stiff resistance. Indeed, as Chaume (2004, but see also Kozloff,...