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The Challenges of Policy Transfer in Vocational Skills Development

National Qualifications Frameworks and the Dual Model of Vocational Training in International Cooperation


Edited By Markus Maurer and Philipp Gonon

In the context of renewed global interest in the development of vocational skills, policy makers in many countries as well as representatives of technical organisations often hope to reform existing training systems by borrowing models and policies that seem to work elsewhere. One of these prominent models is that of ‘National Qualifications Framework’, the use of which now spans the entire globe. On a much smaller scale, the ‘Dual Model’ of vocational training – a systematic combination of school and workplace-based learning that is common in a number of countries in Western Europe – has also gained attention in international cooperation.
Bringing together contributions from authors involved in both the theory and practice of vocational skills training development, this volume analyses the challenges that are tied to the transfer of these two dominant models in the context of international cooperation, sheds light on how they are being implemented, and discusses alternatives to the standard approaches to policy transfer.
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Meandering through policy development: Observations on vocational education and training in Albania: Matthias Jäger



Meandering through policy development: Observations on vocational education and training in Albania


Albania has a serious skills gap in almost all economic domains, and at almost all qualification levels. At present the formal skills supply system primarily focuses on educational attainments, and it contributes little to closing the skills gap. In reality, skills development is widely left to market forces, which react with ad-hoc measures. Thus, at this stage of development, the leading questions for policy developers should be: how, when, and with what means should Albania close this skills gap? Vocational education and training (VET) policy development would have to follow such a process of assessment.

Starting from the early ’90s, Albania received substantial and continuous international support to various dimensions and aspects of vocational education and training, including support in systems reform and policy development. As a result of an EU project, Albania adopted a law in 2010 that introduced an Albanian Qualifications Framework.

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