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Old Jewish Commentaries on «The Song of Songs» II

The Two Commentaries of Tanchum Yerushalmi- Text and translation


Joseph Alobaidi

This book contains two commentaries on The Song of Songs by Tanchum Yerushalmi (c. 1220-1291), one of the best representatives of rational exegesis in the Middle Eastern rabbinical school of thought. His in depth knowledge of the Bible as well as his acquaintance with Greek philosophy, added to familiarity with his own Jewish tradition allowed him to write rich biblical commentaries. In so doing he showed himself as a worthy disciple of Saadia Gaon, Hai and Ibn Janah whom he mentions in his commentary on The Song of Songs. The extent of his knowledge can easily be seen in both his philological and philosophical commentaries on one of the most intriguing books of the Bible.
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The Translation of the First Commentary


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The English Translation of Tanchum Yerushalmi’s Two Commentaries on the Song of Songs

The First Commentary A

This is not a direct translation of The Masoretic Text of The Song of Songs. Tanchum did not translate The Hebrew text; he directly commented on the text. The translation of The Hebrew Text is founded on Tanchum’s commentary and may diverge, sometimes significantly, from modern understanding and translations.

English text written in standard letters translates Judeo-Arabic text. English text written in italic letters translates Hebrew text.

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