Journals and European Integration 1939–1979
Il Federalista: A Tool for Interpretation, Strategy and Propaganda in MFE Cultural Politics (1970-1979): Raffaella Cinquanta
Il Federalista: A Tool for Interpretation, Strategy and Propaganda in MFE Cultural Politics (1970-1979)
Il Federalista, founded in Pavia in 1959 and edited by Mario Albertini until1997, can be regarded as one of the main manifestations of the peculiar political commitment undertaken by the Italian leaders of the Movimento Federalista Europeo (MFE), who founded in the Sixties a trend called Autonomia Federalista and shared an idea of politics as intrinsically tied up with a steady cultural activity1 aimed at gaining a complete autonomy from official political forces and at keeping the supranational movement united.2 If pondered with regard to the political engagement of the MFE in the decade considered in this paper – a decade extremely important for the MFE, given its political fight for the attainment of the direct election of the European ← 93 | 94 → Parliament (EP) and of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)3 – the role played by the journal regarding both the internal debate and the external propaganda seems to be essentially twofold: in fact, it not only served as a common political platform for the militants – with the peculiar task of achieving a common and shared course of action within the Movement – but also as the most appropriate “rostrum” in which to form a new political culture; that is to say, where the theory of federalism was re-elaborated as a proper political science and, as a consequence, the process of European integration was also re-defined in its historical distinctiveness.
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