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Communicating Europe

Journals and European Integration 1939–1979

Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi

This volume is dedicated to the debate on European unification developed between the end of World War II and 1979 in two types of magazines. The first type of magazines are those not exclusively dedicated to the «European» themes, but particularly significant for the impact they had in the cultural-political debate and in the concrete unfolding of the process of European integration; while the second type are militant magazines, belonging to the European and federalist area, whose proactive role was fundamental both for the theoretical elaboration of the ideas as the basis of the future of the European continent, and for the practical propaganda. All these publications contributed in different ways to the spread of knowledge of European integration, of its implications and of its political, social and economic consequences. No less important – and this is the third type of journals taken into consideration in the book – has been the birth and development of magazines directly sponsored by the Community institutions, whose action was framed within a real «European communication», made by the EC institutions, particularly the Commission in Brussels, since their origins.
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Scuola d’Europa and Education Européenne: A Comparison of Their Contents and Methods of Communication from Their Creation to the Early Seventies: Elena Sergi


Scuola d’Europa and Education Européenne: A Comparison of Their Contents and Methods of Communication from Their Creation to the Early Seventies


Between 1951 and 1954, the projects of creating a European Defence Community (EDC)1 and that of creating a European Political Community (EPC)2 attempted to give a federalist slant to the process of European integration that had started with the European coal and steel Community (ECSC). The EDC project was however abandoned due to internal contradictions and also most importantly due to its rejection by the French national assembly in August of 1954. This rejection signified the impossibility of the unification proceeding along federal lines. The disappearance of Stalin in March 1953 and the subsequent easing of the international climate, which also contributed to the failure of the EDC project, brought the political problems to the forefront. Thus convinced the intellectuals of the time to work towards giving the European and federalist ideas deeper roots in the public opinion, which however showed no signs of being ready to adopt ← 153 | 154 → these ideas. The groups closest to cultural issues and which were interested in the creation of a European conscience, especially amongst the young, spotted in schools a natural channel through which to instill the idea of a united Europe.

The first to have this idea were the French who, after the more direct political and institutional path towards a federal Europe proved too treacherous, created the Regroupement des...

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