Journals and European Integration 1939–1979
Scuola d’Europa and Education Européenne: A Comparison of Their Contents and Methods of Communication from Their Creation to the Early Seventies: Elena Sergi
Scuola d’Europa and Education Européenne: A Comparison of Their Contents and Methods of Communication from Their Creation to the Early Seventies
Between 1951 and 1954, the projects of creating a European Defence Community (EDC)1 and that of creating a European Political Community (EPC)2 attempted to give a federalist slant to the process of European integration that had started with the European coal and steel Community (ECSC). The EDC project was however abandoned due to internal contradictions and also most importantly due to its rejection by the French national assembly in August of 1954. This rejection signified the impossibility of the unification proceeding along federal lines. The disappearance of Stalin in March 1953 and the subsequent easing of the international climate, which also contributed to the failure of the EDC project, brought the political problems to the forefront. Thus convinced the intellectuals of the time to work towards giving the European and federalist ideas deeper roots in the public opinion, which however showed no signs of being ready to adopt ← 153 | 154 → these ideas. The groups closest to cultural issues and which were interested in the creation of a European conscience, especially amongst the young, spotted in schools a natural channel through which to instill the idea of a united Europe.
The first to have this idea were the French who, after the more direct political and institutional path towards a federal Europe proved too treacherous, created the Regroupement des...
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