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Communicating Europe

Journals and European Integration 1939–1979

Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi

This volume is dedicated to the debate on European unification developed between the end of World War II and 1979 in two types of magazines. The first type of magazines are those not exclusively dedicated to the «European» themes, but particularly significant for the impact they had in the cultural-political debate and in the concrete unfolding of the process of European integration; while the second type are militant magazines, belonging to the European and federalist area, whose proactive role was fundamental both for the theoretical elaboration of the ideas as the basis of the future of the European continent, and for the practical propaganda. All these publications contributed in different ways to the spread of knowledge of European integration, of its implications and of its political, social and economic consequences. No less important – and this is the third type of journals taken into consideration in the book – has been the birth and development of magazines directly sponsored by the Community institutions, whose action was framed within a real «European communication», made by the EC institutions, particularly the Commission in Brussels, since their origins.
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Liberalism and Europe: The Nuova Antologia (1945-1956): Stefano Quirico

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Liberalism and Europe: The Nuova Antologia (1945-1956)

Stefano QUIRICO

Reconstructing Europe, Refounding Liberalism: Mario Ferrara and Wilhelm Röpke

While the Second World War was ending and the German defeat started to become clear, the Nuova Antologia (NA) was laboriously attempting to leave behind the fascist parenthesis and regain the splendour of its early days. The new director, Mario Ferrara, took part in various influential attempts to revive the liberal party and culture in Italy, in the wake of the leaders of the democratic antifascism: Giovanni Amendola, Gaetano Salvemini and Piero Gobetti, who knew Ferrara and frequented him in the Twenties.1 ← 205 | 206 →

The magazine was nervously looking at the plans for reorganising Europe, denouncing the excessive frenzy against Germany, one of the pillars which the new continental balances had to be built on. As a consequence, the plan through which Hans J. Morgenthau – who was elaborating at that time a realist theory of international relations2 – proposed the dismantling of the German industry had to be rejected. The choice to reduce Germany’s power within the international scenario, fulfilling the strategic interest of the Allies, would have inflicted terrible and lasting suffering to a whole population.3 Moreover, the NA could not accept the principle of dividing the world into spheres of influence, with the effect of tearing Europe to pieces. Mario Ferrara was opposing this stance, heralding a “Europe close in jealousy and in the supremacy competition among national States, excluded by the...

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