Journals and European Integration 1939–1979
Liberalism and Europe: The Nuova Antologia (1945-1956): Stefano Quirico
Liberalism and Europe: The Nuova Antologia (1945-1956)
Reconstructing Europe, Refounding Liberalism: Mario Ferrara and Wilhelm Röpke
While the Second World War was ending and the German defeat started to become clear, the Nuova Antologia (NA) was laboriously attempting to leave behind the fascist parenthesis and regain the splendour of its early days. The new director, Mario Ferrara, took part in various influential attempts to revive the liberal party and culture in Italy, in the wake of the leaders of the democratic antifascism: Giovanni Amendola, Gaetano Salvemini and Piero Gobetti, who knew Ferrara and frequented him in the Twenties.1 ← 205 | 206 →
The magazine was nervously looking at the plans for reorganising Europe, denouncing the excessive frenzy against Germany, one of the pillars which the new continental balances had to be built on. As a consequence, the plan through which Hans J. Morgenthau – who was elaborating at that time a realist theory of international relations2 – proposed the dismantling of the German industry had to be rejected. The choice to reduce Germany’s power within the international scenario, fulfilling the strategic interest of the Allies, would have inflicted terrible and lasting suffering to a whole population.3 Moreover, the NA could not accept the principle of dividing the world into spheres of influence, with the effect of tearing Europe to pieces. Mario Ferrara was opposing this stance, heralding a “Europe close in jealousy and in the supremacy competition among national States, excluded by the...
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