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Communicating Europe

Journals and European Integration 1939–1979

Edited By Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi

This volume is dedicated to the debate on European unification developed between the end of World War II and 1979 in two types of magazines. The first type of magazines are those not exclusively dedicated to the «European» themes, but particularly significant for the impact they had in the cultural-political debate and in the concrete unfolding of the process of European integration; while the second type are militant magazines, belonging to the European and federalist area, whose proactive role was fundamental both for the theoretical elaboration of the ideas as the basis of the future of the European continent, and for the practical propaganda. All these publications contributed in different ways to the spread of knowledge of European integration, of its implications and of its political, social and economic consequences. No less important – and this is the third type of journals taken into consideration in the book – has been the birth and development of magazines directly sponsored by the Community institutions, whose action was framed within a real «European communication», made by the EC institutions, particularly the Commission in Brussels, since their origins.
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Europa Socialista and Iniziativa Socialista per l’Unità Europea. The experience of Socialist Europeism in Italy: Andrea Ragusa

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Europa Socialista and Iniziativa Socialista per l’Unità Europea. The experience of Socialist Europeism in Italy

Andrea RAGUSA

1. With a close periodization – the one published from March 1946 to July 1947, the other from November 1946 to June 1948, the two magazines Europa Socialista and Iniziativa Socialista per l’unità europea gave a voice to those groups which more decisively projected themselves towards the elaboration of a Europism proposal in the laboratory of Italian Socialism in the second post-war period.

The two periodicals expressed the innovative and anti-dogmatic dynamism of those young socialists who joined the reborn party in 1943 through the common ties with the revolutionary intransigence of the “Movimento di Unità Proletaria” of Lelio Basso, and on whom, precisely in the sense of Europism, had been decisive the influence of Eugenio Colorni: thus it was for the editorial staff of Europa Socialista, directed by Tullio Vecchietti and to which, right from the start, Achille Corona took part. Thus it was also for Iniziativa Socialista, which saw, right from the first edition, along with Matteo Matteotti, both Giuliano Vassalli, who learned through the management of the Unità Proletaria Italiana, and Mario Zagari, who along with Vecchietti participated in the experience of the so-called “socialisti rivoluzionari”.

Both groups belonged to the same generation, and another common element was the criticism towards the unitary platform with the Communist Party, a dimension which had shown itself right from the reconstitution of the party, and confirmed,...

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