Journals and European Integration 1939–1979
Europa Socialista and Iniziativa Socialista per l’Unità Europea. The experience of Socialist Europeism in Italy: Andrea Ragusa
Europa Socialista and Iniziativa Socialista per l’Unità Europea. The experience of Socialist Europeism in Italy
1. With a close periodization – the one published from March 1946 to July 1947, the other from November 1946 to June 1948, the two magazines Europa Socialista and Iniziativa Socialista per l’unità europea gave a voice to those groups which more decisively projected themselves towards the elaboration of a Europism proposal in the laboratory of Italian Socialism in the second post-war period.
The two periodicals expressed the innovative and anti-dogmatic dynamism of those young socialists who joined the reborn party in 1943 through the common ties with the revolutionary intransigence of the “Movimento di Unità Proletaria” of Lelio Basso, and on whom, precisely in the sense of Europism, had been decisive the influence of Eugenio Colorni: thus it was for the editorial staff of Europa Socialista, directed by Tullio Vecchietti and to which, right from the start, Achille Corona took part. Thus it was also for Iniziativa Socialista, which saw, right from the first edition, along with Matteo Matteotti, both Giuliano Vassalli, who learned through the management of the Unità Proletaria Italiana, and Mario Zagari, who along with Vecchietti participated in the experience of the so-called “socialisti rivoluzionari”.
Both groups belonged to the same generation, and another common element was the criticism towards the unitary platform with the Communist Party, a dimension which had shown itself right from the reconstitution of the party, and confirmed,...
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