Journals and European Integration 1939–1979
Edited By Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi
Campaigning for Europe. The Christian Democratic Party and the Europeanization of Masses. Bulletin Traguardo (1948-1957): Paolo Acanfora
Campaigning for Europe. The Christian Democratic Party and the Europeanization of Masses. Bulletin Traguardo (1948-1957)
In the 20th century modern society, propaganda assumed a crucial significance concerning the definition of the relationship between political parties and movements, on the one hand, and masses on the other. Frequently rejected as biased, false or accused of altering reality, propaganda has lost its original meaning and function in the eyes of common belief. In the following analyses propaganda is intended as synonym with indoctrination, as diffusion and popularization of ideas aiming to form and orientate the masses and the public opinion. This is the reason why historian George Mosse defined it as “not something invented by bad men in order to pervert the rational faculties of humanities, but instead as […] an internal element of modern mass politics and mass society”.1 In the conception of mass political parties, propaganda played a key pedagogical role for the education of individuals and masses with the basic principles of ideology and weltanschauung that the parties themselves promoted.
For instance, the Italian Christian Democrat Party developed its own strategy for propaganda through SPES, the department for propaganda and the press. It was initially started by Giuseppe Dossetti and in the years to follow, its activity was coordinated by Amintore Fanfani and then Giorgio Tupini. As from Dossetti’s tenure (September 1945 – May 1946), this department was equipped with a ← 497 | 498 → centralised organisation which helped define the...
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