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Communicating Europe

Journals and European Integration 1939–1979

Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi

This volume is dedicated to the debate on European unification developed between the end of World War II and 1979 in two types of magazines. The first type of magazines are those not exclusively dedicated to the «European» themes, but particularly significant for the impact they had in the cultural-political debate and in the concrete unfolding of the process of European integration; while the second type are militant magazines, belonging to the European and federalist area, whose proactive role was fundamental both for the theoretical elaboration of the ideas as the basis of the future of the European continent, and for the practical propaganda. All these publications contributed in different ways to the spread of knowledge of European integration, of its implications and of its political, social and economic consequences. No less important – and this is the third type of journals taken into consideration in the book – has been the birth and development of magazines directly sponsored by the Community institutions, whose action was framed within a real «European communication», made by the EC institutions, particularly the Commission in Brussels, since their origins.
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Campaigning for Europe. The Christian Democratic Party and the Europeanization of Masses. Bulletin Traguardo (1948-1957): Paolo Acanfora


Campaigning for Europe. The Christian Democratic Party and the Europeanization of Masses. Bulletin Traguardo (1948-1957)



In the 20th century modern society, propaganda assumed a crucial significance concerning the definition of the relationship between political parties and movements, on the one hand, and masses on the other. Frequently rejected as biased, false or accused of altering reality, propaganda has lost its original meaning and function in the eyes of common belief. In the following analyses propaganda is intended as synonym with indoctrination, as diffusion and popularization of ideas aiming to form and orientate the masses and the public opinion. This is the reason why historian George Mosse defined it as “not something invented by bad men in order to pervert the rational faculties of humanities, but instead as […] an internal element of modern mass politics and mass society”.1 In the conception of mass political parties, propaganda played a key pedagogical role for the education of individuals and masses with the basic principles of ideology and weltanschauung that the parties themselves promoted.

For instance, the Italian Christian Democrat Party developed its own strategy for propaganda through SPES, the department for propaganda and the press. It was initially started by Giuseppe Dossetti and in the years to follow, its activity was coordinated by Amintore Fanfani and then Giorgio Tupini. As from Dossetti’s tenure (September 1945 – May 1946), this department was equipped with a ← 497 | 498 → centralised organisation which helped define the...

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