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Communicating Europe

Journals and European Integration 1939–1979

Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi

This volume is dedicated to the debate on European unification developed between the end of World War II and 1979 in two types of magazines. The first type of magazines are those not exclusively dedicated to the «European» themes, but particularly significant for the impact they had in the cultural-political debate and in the concrete unfolding of the process of European integration; while the second type are militant magazines, belonging to the European and federalist area, whose proactive role was fundamental both for the theoretical elaboration of the ideas as the basis of the future of the European continent, and for the practical propaganda. All these publications contributed in different ways to the spread of knowledge of European integration, of its implications and of its political, social and economic consequences. No less important – and this is the third type of journals taken into consideration in the book – has been the birth and development of magazines directly sponsored by the Community institutions, whose action was framed within a real «European communication», made by the EC institutions, particularly the Commission in Brussels, since their origins.
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The European Commission Service “Women’s Press and Organisations Information”. The Contribution of Fausta Deshormes La Valle to European Gender Citizenship: Federica Di Sarcina


The European Commission Service “Women’s Press and Organisations Information”. The Contribution of Fausta Deshormes La Valle to European Gender Citizenship


Equality between men and women is one of the fundamental principles of every democratic legal system, being generally recognized in state constitutions and in the texts of international organizations,1 starting from the Charter of the United Nations (1945),2 the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)3 and the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950).4 The European Union, that “unidentified political object” as Jacques Delors would have it, an institutional hybrid which for more than sixty years has contributed to peace, democracy and human rights in Europe has, over time, become a key player in the recognition and protection of basic women’s rights.5 ← 533 | 534 →

Although initially confined to matters relating to salary and work, the EU’s interest in the “gender question” has progressively grown. Issues such as empowerment, conciliation and sharing policies, the prevention and repression of violence in all its forms and, more in general, the affirmation of a culture of gender in society, have progressively become an integral part of the European equal opportunities agenda. More specifically, since the late 1990s the building of “parity democracy”6 has become one of the objectives of the European integration process. The Treaty of Lisbon, effective since 1 December 2009, not only lists equality between women and men among the values upon which the...

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