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Hybrid Identities


Edited By Flocel Sabaté

This book dissiminates a selected collection of research texts from the Congress Hybrid Identities, held in 2011 in the Institute for Research into Identities and Society (University of Lleida, Catalonia, Spain). Outstanding researchers from Social and Humanities fields adapted the hybridization of society such as a new perspective in order to study and understand the evolution of conviviality from the Middle Ages to current days throughout a comparative space and time. Taking the concept from the anthropology, the hybridization became a new approach for social studies and Humanities. Hybridization offers a historical perspective in order to renew perspectives for study different societies during all historical periods since Middle Ages to current days. At the same time, hybridization appears as a tool for analysing social realities in the different continents of the word. In any case, it is a new way in order to understand how the societies reaches its respective cohesions throughout mixted identities.
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Hybrid Memories: Building the Present in Southern Pakistan



Università degli Studi di Milano – Bicocca

The theme I would like to discuss here is the way in which a political movement based on a specific form of “hybrid” cultural memory, still active today, gained ground in the twentieth century in one of the most remote regions of Southern Asia. My theme is thus not this hybrid identity itself, an expression that is in itself tautological as all identities are the result of processes of hybridisation, but rather memory. I appreciate that speaking about cultural memory can cause misunderstanding. However, I am not arguing, as certain anthropologists appear to, that collective (social) memory is roughly equivalent to culture1 but rather that it is an important element within it. I would argue that cultural memory is a “device” by means of which a group can place itself in a given historical context.

The movement I intend to talk about here is Baluchi nationalism (Baluchistan is an area of about the size of the Iberian Peninsula nowadays divided between Pakistan, Iran and, to a lesser extent, Afghanistan).

← 259 | 260 → It is important to clarify a few aspects of nationalism and memory as well as the use of the term “hybrid” at the outset.

In the last quarter of the 20th century the theme of identity, often defined in ethnic terms, received a great deal of attention from both anthropologists and historians. In many cases, this attention was combined...

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