Edited By Flocel Sabaté
Hybrid Memories: Building the Present in Southern Pakistan
Ugo E. M. FABIETTI
Università degli Studi di Milano – Bicocca
The theme I would like to discuss here is the way in which a political movement based on a specific form of “hybrid” cultural memory, still active today, gained ground in the twentieth century in one of the most remote regions of Southern Asia. My theme is thus not this hybrid identity itself, an expression that is in itself tautological as all identities are the result of processes of hybridisation, but rather memory. I appreciate that speaking about cultural memory can cause misunderstanding. However, I am not arguing, as certain anthropologists appear to, that collective (social) memory is roughly equivalent to culture1 but rather that it is an important element within it. I would argue that cultural memory is a “device” by means of which a group can place itself in a given historical context.
The movement I intend to talk about here is Baluchi nationalism (Baluchistan is an area of about the size of the Iberian Peninsula nowadays divided between Pakistan, Iran and, to a lesser extent, Afghanistan).
← 259 | 260 → It is important to clarify a few aspects of nationalism and memory as well as the use of the term “hybrid” at the outset.
In the last quarter of the 20th century the theme of identity, often defined in ethnic terms, received a great deal of attention from both anthropologists and historians. In many cases, this attention was combined...
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