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Identities on the Move


Flocel Sabaté

This book contains selected papers from the meetings «To think the Identity» and «Identities on the move» held in the Institute for Research into Identities and Society (University of Lleida) during 2010. The aim is to understand the reasons that allow social cohesion throughout the creation of identities and its adaptation. Identity is individual and collective, momentary and secular, apparently contradictory terms that can only coexist and fructify if they entail a constant adaptation. Thus, in a changing world, the identities are always on the move and the continuity of society requires a permanent move. Values, Culture, Language and History show the societies in permanent evolution, and demand an interdisciplinary perspective for studying. Attending this scope, outstanding historians, sociologists, linguistics and scientists offer here a diachronic and interdisciplinary approach to this phenomenon: how men and women have been combining the identity and the move in order to feel save into a social life from Middle Ages to current days, and how different items, in our present society, built the framework of identities.
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Travelling in the Orbis Christianus and beyond (Thirteenth – Fifteenth Century): What makes the difference?: Felicitas Schmieder



Fern-Universität in Hagen

“Now on the third day after we left Soldaia, we encountered the Tartars; and when I came among them I really felt as if I were entering some other world (aliud saeculum)”1 – in 1253 the Franciscan, William of Rubruk, even felt as though he had met with demons2 when travelling among Mongols (whom he, as well as most of his fellow Latin Europeans, called Tartars) from the Crimea through Central Asia to as far as Karakorum in Mongolia. William travelled deep into regions where people looked differently, lived differently, and most importantly, had different beliefs. He could describe his impressions only in terms of opposition to his own, as entirely foreign to what he was used to – he had left the then Latin Christian Constantinople and thus the familiar Orbis Christianus – the Christian world.

Being a Christian was, in the European Middle Ages, much more than adhering to a certain religion – it was the defining feature of identity, at least when Christians surveyed the whole world and all mankind. ← 41 | 42 →

It meant being part of the only group of humans in possession of the ‘true faith’, which had to be defended against those from outside – a group, nevertheless, that was bound to grow and whose faith had to be spread to outsiders – until, towards the end of the world, it included all mankind. Christians were chosen by God to leave their own sphere and...

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